What is Muslim?
Muslim and Moslem can be used interchangeably. The word Muslim pertains to a person supporting the Islam religion. The word literally means ‘one who submits to God’. It was known to all that every Muslim follows Sunnah. However, disparity in defining the Sunnah in terms of ‘what is’ and ‘what is not’ has resulted to the surfacing of various sectarian movements. The classical Sunni Muslims are those under the well-ordered and unified Muslim community who embraces the definition of Sunnah as contained by one of the traditional Hanafi, Maliki, Hanbali madhabs or Shafi. The Ahmadivva Muslim Community is also one of the well known disciplined and organized Muslim communities.
The belief of every Muslim is that there is only one God and His name is Allah. Every Muslim has faith in the concept of the existence of Islam beforehand Muhammad. However, the religion was not identified as Islam until the disclosure of Surah al-Ma’ida. The Muslims accept as true that Islam had evolved with time. They believe that it was already in existence during the time of Adam up until Muhammad’s time and was later on completed with the verse 3 of Surah al-Ma’ida’s revelation.
The verse 3 of Surah al-Ma’ida was quoted as ‘This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.’
The Qu’ran is the equivalent of the Christian’s Holy Bible. According to the Islam’s Qu’ran, there are several prophets and messengers that are actually Muslims. Such Bibilical prophets were Jesus and his apostles, Adam, Moses and Noah. The Qu’ran claims them as Muslims because of their act of submitting to God. Moreover, the mentioned Biblical prophets are known to preach and upheld Allah’s message and values, respectively.
The claim was backed by Surah 3:52 of the Qu’ran. According to the Qu’ran Jesus’ disciples told him that ‘We believe in God, and you be our witness that we submit and obey’. In Muslim, ‘wa shahad be anna muslimum’.
When praying, a Muslim follows five time-ritual prayer in a day. This is a religious duty or known as fard. The five prayers are known as follows:
Moreover, Muslims also celebrate a special prayer during Friday. This special Friday prayer is called jumu’ah. According to statistics, there are approximately more than 1.5 billion Muslims around the globe. That was about 20 per cent of the total population in the year 2009. It was estimated that out of this 20 percent, 60% of the number resides in Asia and the other 20% residing in North Africa and Middle East ‘“ the other 20% are scattered from other places of the world.
Because of the huge population density of the Muslims, Islam has been regarded as the second largest religion across the globe. Muslims are commonly Arabic people and can be found in almost every part of the world. Usually, Muslims form a close bond with their fellows creating communities from any location where a number of Muslims live.