Dizziness is a word that is often used by people to describe the situations in which they feel light headed but do not feel their surroundings move along with them or when they lose their balance and can feel the surroundings move along with them.
Causes of Dizziness:
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia): Low blood sugar is a condition which is characterized by low blood sugar levels of 70mg/dl. This is a dangerous condition and needs immediate medical condition to prevent further complications such as coma.
Labyrinthitis: This is a disorder of the inner ear which is characterized by inflammation of a nerve which helps to detect head movement. This condition causes dizziness, vertigo and loss of control. Vertigo is a condition that makes the person feel that they are moving even though they are stationery.
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension): Like low blood sugar low blood pressure also causes dizziness. Low blood pressure can be caused due to posture (when a person suddenly gets up from a sitting or sleeping position), dehydration and many other causes. The underlying condition causing blood pressure needs to be treated to relive themselves from the symptoms of dizziness.
Menieres Disease: This is another condition which affects the inner ear and subsequently causes dizziness and loss of balance as the inner ear is responsible for maintaining our body’s balance.
Anemia: This is a condition which is characterized by low oxygen carrying capabilities of the red blood cells and when the blood supply to the brain is reduced it results in dizziness.
Medications: Medications for some other conditions may sometimes cause dizziness as a side effect.
Low Vitamin B12 Levels: Low B12 levels will have an effect on the neurological health of a person causing dizziness, low blood pressure and lesser blood flow to the brain.
Migraines: People who have migraines experience dizziness.
Anxiety and Panic Attacks: Anxiety and panic attacks cause disturbances in the functioning of the brain and as a consequence can experience light headedness.
Abnormal Heart Rhythms or Arrhythmia: This condition is characterized by either faster or slower heart beats per minute than the normal heart beat rhythm rates. The blood pumped by the heart also increases or decreases respectively leading to dizziness or lightheadedness.
Nerve Disorders: Nerve disorders such as peripheral neuropathy, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis affecting the nerves of the legs also cause dizziness.
Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency: In conditions such as atherosclerosis the blood vessels which carry blood to the brain from the heart is blocked reducing the blood flow to the back of the brain causing light headedness.
Stroke or Mini Stroke: There is a sudden stop in the flow of blood to the brain. While in mini stroke the symptoms last for a short period of time and do not cause any major complications it is an indication that the person is in serious risk of a stroke in the future. Both the conditions cause dizziness.
Treatment of Dizziness:
Dizziness sometimes can cause serious injury especially if the spells in the person occur while driving or when involved with risky tasks such as operating machinery. Mostly dizziness is cured by adequate rest and lifestyle modifications. However, specific conditions causing dizziness need to be treated appropriately to relive themselves from dizziness.
It should be understood that dizziness is not a serious disease and mostly it is the effect of an underlying medical condition. Many people do experience occasional spells of dizziness which can be ignored. However, if the spells are frequent and continuous then the cause of this condition needs to be analyzed and rectified.