1. Phobias are unjustified fear.
- Fears are human emotions and to feel afraid is definitely a natural response.
- It stimulates the person’s instinct which serves as a warning when danger is imminent.
- Literally, phobia is an overreaction to something which can be an object, person or situation.
2. Phobias are results of traumatic event.
- Getting over a traumatic event isn’t easy.
- Inability to sleep at night with vivid recall of the stressful event causing psychological shock.
- The person may later on develop phobias by repeatedly thinking about the distressing event.
- Disproportionate fear on objects or situations would be greater in their minds and thought.
3. Phobias can disrupt normal life.
- Phobias are psychological terrors that may interfere with normal living.
- Living in a day to day life of phobic patients is a struggle and are debilitating.
- Living without worrying anything is absolutely not entitled for them.
4. Phobias can start in early childhood.
- Phobias can be developed by the way a child was brought up at home.
- Classical conditioning is associating bad experience from something that happened early in life.
- Phobias seen by children in their parents can be learned by them, thus developing the same phobia later on.
- Children showing signs of irrational fear may manifest to be very clingy threw tantrums and unstoppable crying.
5. Phobias may persist throughout one’s life.
- An experience from being genuinely injured by something or situations at some event in one’s life can produce anxiety over time.
- Residual anxiety from stressful situations or frightening events is common in phobias.
6. Phobia affects people of all ages.
- Relentless fear about something can be experience by anyone.
- Men or women, all ages and different ethnicity are all vulnerable to have phobias.
7. Phobias have physiologic signs and symptoms.
- Once phobias are triggered, a person may undergo a fight or flight response as a mean to overcome the stressful situation.
- Physical side effects such as nausea, headaches and tremors.
- A phobia in uncontrollable reaction causes adrenaline effects.
- Physiologic response from phobias include sweating, rapid irregular breathing, increase heartbeat, hot flushes, confusion, dizziness, nausea, chest pains, tightness, trembling
- Repeated dosage of adrenaline gives you more harm on your body such as fatigability, aches and pains, sexual involvement, colds and infections.
8. Phobias can trigger depression.
- People with phobias are aware that they have it.
- Some phobia may end up to a progressively isolated lifestyle, where patients become reclusive and may perceive a negative feeling of helplessness.
- Patients may experience the feeling that they cannot do anything about the disorder because they keep their selves away from their significant others and other support system.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy is usually introduced to depressive patient to restructure their mind pattern and thought process.
9. Phobias can be treated using the object or situation that causes the anxiety.
- Systemic desensitization is one of the psychological treatments used for phobic patients to address their immensely distressing thought and irrational belief when confronted with the sources and triggers of their anxiety.
- It aims to modulate the fears by gradually exposing the person to the cause of the phobia and keeping a track to think in a more acceptable and rational way.
10. Phobias can be of pathologic cause.
- Rabies is a viral infection which affects the functioning of the central nervous system particularly the brain.
- In the later stage of the infection, the rabid patient may experience dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing due to involuntary muscle contraction and spasm of the larynx.
- Hydrophobia refers to one of the distinct symptoms of rabies where the patient shows extreme fear of water.