Vaginitis refers to the inflammation of the vagina. Â This medical condition often arises along with inflammation of the vulva or the external part of the vagina. Â The inflammation of the vagina is typically secondary to infection from a variety of sources.
Symptoms of vaginitis include pain during urination, itching in the vulva or deeper parts of the vagina, and abnormal discharges. Â Some patients with vaginitis also complain of pain and/or discomfort during sexual intercourse. Typical of inflammation, the vagina may also have some redness or swelling along with a foul odor. Â One common cause of vaginitis is through bacterial infection. Â The bacterium Gardnerella is responsible for causing inflammatory changes in the vulva which could spread to the deeper parts of the female reproductive organ. Â There are also cases wherein the infection is caused by Candida albicans which is a type of yeast. Â In this case, the inflammatory changes may be referred to as candidiasis. Â Another form of vaginitis is caused by the trichomonas organism. This organism is can be transmitted sexually be either men or women. Â Some cases of vaginitis may be secondary to infection from the herpes virus or parasite infestation. Â There are also other diseases involving the female reproductive organ that can lead to inflammation of the vagina.
Treatment of vaginitis will depend upon the cause of the inflammation. Â Antibacterial creams and topical antibiotics may be given to cases that are caused by bacteria. Â Viral cases will also be treated with corresponding anti-viral creams. For vaginitis secondary to hormonal imbalance, estrogen creams may also be prescribed. Â If the case is transmitted sexually, oral medication may also be prescribed. Â If left untreated, vaginitis may lead to more serious complications. Â Extreme caution is typically given to pregnant women because the infection may affect them and their pregnancy. Â Serious cases can even lead to premature delivery and pelvic inflammatory disease.