Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that typically affects adults who have either insulin resistance or who don’t have enough insulin in their bloodstream to regulate glucose. Â Under normal conditions, the amount of glucose in the bloodstream is regulated by the insulin. Â When a person does not enough levels of this hormone, too much glucose or sugar in the bloodstream will lead to Type 2 diabetes. Â There are also cases of this type of diabetes wherein the body itself resists or rejects the function of insulin in terms of regulating blood sugar. Â When this happens, type 2 diabetes will also result.
Formerly referred to as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, Type 2 diabetes is considered the most common type of diabetes in the world. Â Millions of people across the globe suffer from this incurable disease. Â Mostly affected by Type 2 diabetes are adults but more obese children are getting this disease in increasing numbers in recent times. Â Obesity is often highly associated with high sugar levels in the blood and many people who are obese will also develop Type 2 diabetes. Â If the sugar levels are not controlled or regulated, people with Type 2 diabetes will present with the classic symptoms of polyuria or increased urination frequency, polyphagia or increased desire to eat, polydipsia or increased thirst, and weight loss. Â Many patients with Type 2 diabetes will also develop vision problems, recurrent infections, and body fatigue. Â Serious cases of Type 2 diabetes will also affect peripheral nerves which will lead to impaired sensation.
With no cure for Type 2 diabetes, people are often prescribed with lifestyle changes to control the symptoms and the overall health of patients. Â Proper diet and exercise are beneficial in terms of maintaining healthy blood sugar levels. Â Chronic cases of Type 2 diabetes may lead to serious complications like blindness, organ failures, and limb amputations among many others.