Ringworm refers to a fungal infection that affects various parts of the body including the arms, legs, and even the face. Â Medically known as tinea corporis, ringworm can affect both men and women and at any age. Â Children may get this infection and so are the adults and the elderly. Â The infection involved in ringworm typically starts with the outer layer skin cells. Â The fungi that may come in contact with the skin for example will feed on the dead keratin or the outermost layer on the skin. Â As the fungi will feed on dead skin, it eventually causes inflammation to nearby healthy skin causing the classic ring-like lesions.
When a person has ringworm infection, he/she may initially notice circular red lesions or patches on the skin. Â The ring-like lesion appears scaly on the outer parts and paler on the inner part. Â As the infection spreads, the ring-like lesions may also become more prominent and larger. Â For some people, only a small patch of skin will be infected with ringworm while for others, several areas in the body may be infected. Â Itchiness is also a common complaint for people that have ringworm infection.
People typically get ringworm infection from skin contact with other people who have the same skin condition. Â Sharing of clothes or towels may also spread the fungi that cause ringworm. The skin infection may also be passed on from pets to humans. Â Those who are into gardening and children who play with soil in the backyards may also get the fungi that cause ringworm. Â Standard treatment of ringworm infection involves the application of anti-fungal creams. Â Many of these creams can be bought over-the-counter and are typically safe even for children. Â For more severe cases of ringworm infection, steroid creams may also be prescribed along with standard anti-fungal creams. Â There are also oral medications that may be prescribed by doctors for extreme cases.
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