What is Psychosis?

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What is Psychosis?
Psychosis is a psychiatric term referring to a mental condition wherein a person is “out of touch” with reality. When people talk about psychosis, they usually refer to symptoms of hallucinations wherein the person affected sort of creates a world for himself and does things which are considered “not normal”.

Persons affected by this medical condition are called psychotics. These people experience, see, or hear things that are non-existent in the real world. It’s like these people live in a different world. But aside from hallucinations, psychotics also present with delusions and paranoia. Delusions refer to beliefs that are non-existent or are not based on reality. Paranoia meanwhile refers to similar delusional thinking but with involved fear and anxiety. Most psychotics also seem confused in terms of thinking and speech. They also cannot distinguish what is real and what is not.

Because of their mental condition, they are unable to do or complete ordinary tasks. Like in basic instructions, psychotics are unable to follow command and order. They have difficulty in reading, writing, understanding, and speaking. And due to the inconsistencies of their thought processes, psychotics change their behavior every so often. One moment they seem calm and collected and then all of sudden they become agitated or fearful of something. Most of psychotic patients have difficulty maintaining proper hygiene and normal sleeping patterns. There are also times that they become overly sensitive to certain sounds, sights, smell, and touch.

People with psychosis are usually treated and monitored on specialty hospitals and mental care facilities. Doctors, psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, and even the patient’s family are involved in the overall management of the disorder. Treatment and management also depends on what caused the disorder, as psychosis may be due to a lot of factors like damage or illness to the brain, psychological stress, depression, epileptic conditions, sleep deprivation, traumatic experience, and drug abuse among others.

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