Osteoporosis literally refers to â€œporous bone”. Â It is a condition wherein a person’s bone density gets too low that he/she is highly prone to fractures from minor falls and similar incidents. Â Under normal conditions, when the bone is studied from under a microscope, the bone tissues resemble a honeycomb. The individual spaces in the honeycomb structure are much bigger when a person has osteoporosis. This structure makes the bones more brittle and weaker. Â With osteoporosis, bones can easily break causing several fractures in various parts of the body. Â Oftentimes, people will only know that they have osteoporosis when they get medically examined after a fracture or a fall.
The degradation of bone density in osteoporosis is considered a natural process for the body. The problem is that some people are more at risk into developing osteoporosis compared to others. Â Elderly people and women are more prone to developing osteoporosis. From a peak bone density at around the age of 30, some people will lose bone density faster than others and this may lead to osteoporosis by around age 60 or so. Â Those with relatives that develop osteoporosis are also more likely to develop the same bone condition. Â People who take high-level medications like steroids and those into chemical therapies may also develop osteoporosis faster than others. Â Existing medical ailments like metabolic and hormonal problems may also lead to osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a very serious problem because this condition is said to creep on people as they age. Â Most people don’t experience any symptoms until they consult their doctors. Â Others meanwhile may have pain in their joints or have difficulty standing or sitting. Â Some people also develop a stooping position because of osteoporosis. Â To avoid the risks and complications of osteoporosis, patients are often advised to change their lifestyle in terms of what they do physically and what they eat. Â Supplements like calcium and Vitamin D are may be prescribed along with proper diet and guarded exercise.