What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is also called “high blood pressure” and pertains to elevated pressure of blood as it goes through our arteries. The arteries are tasked to transport the blood from the heart to the rest of the body. If the pressure of this blood flow rises, then it means one has hypertension.
Measurement of blood pressure can be of two basic types, systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure refers to increased pressure during heart contraction wherein blood is transported to the arteries. The diastolic type meanwhile refers to the pressure in the blood during heart relaxation which follows after the heart’s contraction phase. Normal blood pressure is said to be 12O/80, with 120 referring to systolic blood pressure and 80 referring to diastolic blood pressure. If this reading will increase to 140/90, then it is considered high blood pressure.
Causes of hypertension may include obesity, lack of exercise, alcoholism, aging, stress, smoking, too much sodium in the diet, unbalanced nutrition, and vitamin D deficiency. Family history may also play a part in having hypertension, as those who have parents, siblings, or relatives with this illness are more likely to have it also. Some people also get hypertension due to existing conditions like chronic kidney disease, adrenal and thyroid gland problems.
Hypertension may be present in a person without showing any signs or symptoms. For others, they may experience headaches, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, vision problems, chest pains, palpitations, and even breathing problems. Once symptoms are experienced, one must see his/her doctor immediately to avoid untoward incidences. Usual treatment for hypertension involves medication and lifestyle changes. Various drugs are available in the market, but care must be taken to take only those prescribed by doctors. In terms of lifestyle, usually people with hypertension are advised on proper diet and exercise. And those who smoke are advised to quit.