What is hyperopia?

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Hyperopia is a medical condition where a person is farsighted, and as such, this disease is also referred to as farsightedness. Hyperopia is caused by an error in refraction or when an individual’s eye is incapable of bending light properly which results in seeing a blurred image.

Hyperopia in most cases is inherited. Kids who suffer from this medical condition will likely experience better vision when they grow up as they become less hyperopic.

Hyperopia explained

A person who is hyperopic may experience difficulty in seeing items that are near have blurry vision and are crossed eyed as children.

Individuals who suffer from any of the above symptoms may not necessarily be suffering from hyperopia. It is however strongly recommended that those who suffer any of the three symptoms goes to the doctor for a thorough examination of their eyes.

Hyperopia may occur if the person’s eye is relatively shorter. This medical condition happens when the mechanism of the eye that is used for focusing is located before the retina.

This medical condition is hereditary and as such, individuals who have family members with hyperopia may develop the same medical condition.

The ophthalmologist will examine the refraction of the person in checking for hyperopia. The method for checking for this eye condition may vary depending on the patient’s age.

An ophthalmologist may use a cycloplegic refraction when checking kids and adults for possible hyperopia in order to know the extent of the disease.

The eye’s mechanism for focusing is capable of hiding the exact extent of hyperopia, and doctors use cycloplegic refraction to diagnose correctly. A doctor uses eye drops in order to paralyze the eye’s mechanism for focusing when doing a cycloplegic refraction. This is the only way an ophthalmologist can diagnose how much hyperopia exists.

Those diagnosed with hyperopia may be given corrective lenses such as contact lenses or eyeglasses. Some patients may be required to undergo refractive surgery.

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