What is Hurricane Season?
Hurricanes refer to tropical cyclones that occur over the Atlantic Ocean. They are the same as ‘typhoons’, which is the term used for cyclones that form in the Pacific Ocean. In other areas or parts of the world, these violent storms are simply called cyclones with variations according to wind speed. Hurricane Season over the Atlantic simply means the time of year wherein most cyclones are recorded. Though storms occur year-round in many regions of the globe, many of the hurricanes in the Atlantic usually start at around the 1st of June and end on the 30th of November every single year. Based on data from the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), 97% of all major hurricanes and 79% of tropical storms occur on these dates. With majority of storm activity occurring on these dates, the term ‘Hurricane Season’ was coined.
Typically, hurricanes start to form around the Atlantic Ocean and near the equator. The storm then usually moves westward and upward to the Caribbean Sea and eventually making landfall somewhere between the coast of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. Around June to July, only milder storms or hurricanes are formed over the Atlantic. By August, the storms usually get stronger and eventually peaking to high speeds by around September to November.
Hurricanes also occur in other parts of the world, though they may be called other names like typhoons or cyclones. In the Eastern Pacific region, storm activity starts early at around mid-May and also ends November 30. In the North Indian Ocean, tropical cyclones occur from April to December, with severe types usually formed April to June or September to December. Globally though, the month of September registers the most storm activity while May records the least.
For general safety though, one must check weather reports regularly even if it’s not hurricane season. Weather disturbances cannot always be predicted and every person needs to be prepared to avoid untoward incidences.