What is gonorrhea and chlamydia?

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Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both classified as STDs or sexually transmitted diseases. Both are caused by bacterial infection which typically affects the genitals of both men and women. Aside from the genitals though, the infection may also affect other parts of the body including the rectal area, the throat and even the eyes. Gonorrhea and chlamydia share similar symptoms if ever they present some. The worst thing about these types of diseases is that most symptoms are too mild to be noticed. Some people get infected with either gonorrhea or chlamydia without knowing that they have them.

Both gonorrhea and chlamydia are transmitted to other people via sexual contact. The bacterium is typically spread through the vaginal fluid or the semen during sexual intercourse. For people who engage in oral sex, the infection may spread to the throat or the eyes area. For those who engage in anal sex, the rectum may also get infected with either gonorrhea or chlamydia. Incidence of both STDs is higher in women when compared to men. Many cases also result to double infection with both causative agents and bacteria from gonorrhea and chlamydia. These STDs may also affect couples who are in either heterosexual or homosexual relationships. An infected person who engages in unprotected sex may easily spread his/her STD to another person.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia share similar symptoms like discharges in the genital area for both men and women. Some women may also experience bleeding in their vagina along with some pain in the pelvic region especially during urination. As for the male patients, the discharges in the penis are commonly accompanied with possible swelling of the testicles. For severe infection, the prostate glands may also get inflamed and swollen. Pain may also be felt by male STD patients during urination. As for treatment, both gonorrhea and chlamydia respond well to one bout of antibiotic therapy.

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