What is CQB?
Close Quarters Battles or CQB literally means fighting in small spaces like inside buildings, on street alleys, and even inside vehicles, where one is in very close contact with the enemy. The term CQB is widely used in the armed forces circle as many of today’s warfare occur in the urban setup. CQB must not be confused with urban warfare, as the former only refers to combats in limited spaces involving smaller units. The latter meanwhile pertains to bigger battles like in taking over cities, wherein a large number of troops are required to achieve a mission.
Engaging in CQB requires an assault team to be properly trained and prepared. Units often rehearse different techniques before they are deployed to the area in question. CQB is considered to be the most feared situation in the military. In CQB, snipers are an obvious threat so one must prepare that at any time during an assault, he may be shot at from different locations. There are also those called as “campers”. They are the ones that hide and wait for you to engage in battle. Proper tactics and technique must be executed to be successful in every mission because almost always, enemies have an idea on where or how you will enter.
An element of surprise may be essential to startle or deceive enemies, even for just a few seconds. Stun grenades may be used for this purpose. Speed is also very important in accomplishing any mission. Action must also be direct and lethal to bring down the enemies and limit civilian casualties. But in most missions, stealth is very important, as this will lay the foundation of your assault. Own snipers can also be used to aid any assault team. They will be responsible to cover the team’s movement and target those at the exterior of the space in question.
Usually an elite group in the military and the police undergo CQB training. Both organizations basically have the same concepts on CQB but procedures are designed specifically for their own teams, as military CQB teams commonly deal with hostile areas, while police teams have to deal with more civilian presence in the battle area.