What is Bermuda Grass?
Bermuda grass is a grass or weed that originally came from African savannas, but can be found mostly in dry and warmer countries of the world. Sometimes bermuda grass is called Bahama grass, couch grass in Australia and Africa, wire grass, or devil’s grass in India. This particular grass was introduced in the US from the Bermuda Island; hence it is called “bermuda” grass.
Bermuda grass comes from the genus “cynodon” with the species “dactylon” as the most common. It grows mostly on tropical and sub-tropical countries and widely used for its “persistent” growth properties. It is a grass that loves the heat of the sun, grows in extremely dry lands, and survives even after harsh conditions like drought or fires. It can also withstand low temperatures, as the grass will just go on a dormant or inactive mode. But when the sun shines again, it can green up again fast and grows really thick, which make it ideal for lawns and wide open spaces.
Due to its persistency and ability to grow and repair itself after harsh treatment or conditions, bermuda grass is widely used on football fields and golf courses. The grass germinates quickly from the seed and can grow in almost any type of soil. The grass also thickens quickly and re-grows easily even after heavy “foot traffic” like in football fields. It is also a good source of food for sheep and cattle. And many farmers also use it to prevent soil erosion.
Some people do not like bermuda grass though because it is considered a competitive weed. Since it grows and re-grows quickly, it may become unmanageable and may interfere with the growth of other plants and grasses. Some even say that this particular grass is resistant to many herbicides. It also has some negative effects on people’s health, as bermuda grass is known to cause some allergic symptoms like stuffy nose.