What is arthritis?

, , Leave a comment

Arthritis is an umbrella term for ailments that involve inflammation of the joints.  There are various types of arthritis with varying causes as well.  Any part/s of the joint may be affected including the bones, cartilage, ligaments, and other connective tissue.  Depending on the type of arthritis, some joints in the body are more predisposed to undergo inflammation.

One common type of arthritis is called osteoarthritis.  The join inflammation involved in this type of arthritis is secondary to aging or the actual wear and tear of the joint components. With osteoarthritis, the bony structures in joints literally degenerate over time causing inflammation and possible infection in the joints of the body.  Another common type of arthritis is called rheumatoid arthritis and this type is classified as an auto-immune disease. This simply means that the body’s own immune system will attack the healthy cells present in the joints causing the inflammation.  There are various other types of arthritis that not only involve joints but also presents with symptoms involving other parts of the body.

Pain is the most common symptom of any type of arthritis.  With inflammation to bony structures and/or connective tissue like ligaments and tendons, pain is expected while at rest or especially during movement.  With inflammation ongoing, many patients also experience swelling and redness in their joints.  The swelling is also warm to touch.  These symptoms are common in any type of arthritis and may be accompanied by other symptoms depending on the type of arthritis.  Some types of arthritis for example present with skin rashes while others involve abnormal bone connections.  Treatment for arthritis is typically directed towards the alleviation of symptoms.  Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed for patients along with hot compresses, exercise, and even diet modifications.  In severe bone deformities caused by arthritis, extensive physical therapy or surgery may also be prescribed.

Tea Time Quiz

[forminator_poll id="23176"]

Leave a Reply