Bipolar disorder is a medical condition characterized by extremes in terms of mood. Â People who have bipolar disorder are considered to have some kind of psychiatric illness. Â One moment, a person with bipolar disorder will seem happy and positive and in another moment he/she will turn be angry or depressed. Â For many people, bipolar disorder is commonly characterized by extreme mood swings. Â This is also the reason why many people refer to bipolar disorder as a type of mood disorder.
Mania and depression are the two opposite but classic characteristics or behavior of people with bipolar disorder. Â On one side of the scale, mania may be demonstrated in different levels. Â Some will have milder forms of mania called “hypomania” and will simply be very positive in terms of attitude. Â People with this disorder may be very excited about everything around them and may even be very productive in what they do. Â Others meanwhile may experience the extremes of mania making them very impulsive in terms of their decisions. Â Some people will also have too much energy and positivity that they find it difficult to sleep. Â The other end of the scale is the depression tendencies of people with bipolar disorder. Â One month patients with this disorder may be happy with their life and the next month they’ll be totally angry or depressed. Â Many become very anxious and feel socially isolated which could lead to other physical and medical concerns.
Bipolar disorders are said to be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, psychological development, and environmental influence. Â Some medical experts also believe that abnormalities in the body’s hormones may also lead to bipolar disorder. Â Prevalence is said to be the same for both men and women and at least 4% of the world’s population have been diagnosed to have this kind of psychiatric disorder. Â Management of the disorder is typically through various medications that are prescribed for patients depending on the symptom presented.