Facts And Information About Roses

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  • The rose is the oldest of all cultivated flowers and is still stands as the topmost popular garden flower today. Most of the modern rose varieties have descended from eight European and Asian species. The extensive flowering forms and colors that we see today is the result of elaborate breeding and cultivating hybrids which started in the 1800s.
  • Botanically   speaking,   rose   belongs   to   the rosaceae family   that includes herbs, shrubs and trees. Most species are deciduous but some are evergreen. They have a worldwide range but are most diverse in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • There are many types of garden roses. Most popular are tea roses, hybrid   teas,   hybrid   perpetuals,   floribundas,   polyanthus,   miniatures, and climbers. Of these, the hybrid teas and floribundas are grown most often. The choice is almost endless. Most wild species of roses are fragrant, some more than others. Damask, musk, cabbage, rugosa, French, and bourbon roses are the most fragrant. If true rose perfume is important in your choice of what to grow, try some of these highly perfumed species.
  • Roses can be classified into 3 groups as per the characteristics of their growth pattern: bush, climbing, and shrub.
  • Bush roses: These essentially bear flowers at the top of each plant and do not need any support for growth. Plant height varies from some inches to 6 feet. Bush roses are again divided into further groups by the pattern of their growth and flowering habits.
  • Shrub roses: These do not belong to any specific class of wild species, but are hybridized, and selectively bred to develop large and dense growth and need least maintenance. Many have finely textured foliage, which make them suitable for use as hedge or for screen plantation.
  • Climbing roses: These are generally vigorous plants having long canes as branches which require support to grow higher. Canes can be trained along side a lattice or fence or allowed to sprawl as a cluster.
  • Roses grow best in full sun but will grow satisfactorily if they have 6 hours of sun on daily basis. Early morning sun is preferred to afternoon sun since it   gives the   foliage a chance   to dry   early in the   day. Damp conditions develop diseases. Roses should not be planted too close to other foliage plants where they have to compete for light, nutrients and water. Plant at least 18 to 24 inches away from buildings or solid barriers (except for climbers). Many varieties cease to bloom when summer temperatures are above   90°F (35°C). In areas with prolonged hot weather, a location protected from the hot sun in the late afternoon may give better results. Roses must be protected from low and fluctuating temperatures. Low temperatures and drying winds could cause the canes to dry out, resulting in premature death of the plant.
  • Owing to variation in climate and temperature from place to place, utmost care should be taken in choosing between heat resistant or a cold resistant   varieties for   growing. Timing of planting roses too varies from place to place. While in the north, healthy flowering may be obtained by planting roses with the onset of spring, in Arizona or New Mexico they may be planted in January or February too. Timely pruning during non flowering season and removing spent flowers now and then, keeps the plants healthy and looking attractive.
  • And finally, irrigating roses is yet another factor for having a healthy commercial yield or for backyard beautification. Roses in sandy soil must be irrigated every 4 to 10 days during the growing season as it does not retain moisture for long. Loam soils retain more moisture than sandy soils, and need irrigating every 8 to 15 days. Clay soils have high water-holding capacities and may need to be irrigated only every 15 to 30 days.

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