Politics Of Greece

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A political system is a set of outlined policies on how a government executes it’s duties in serving its citizens. A political system can either be a hereditary or democratic form of governance. Greece follows the democratic form of governance in its politics. This is because most of the political leaders are elected by the voters; those on appointed offices are elected by those already voted in by the citizens. This ensures that there are no lifelong dynasties of governance and the will of the people is prevalent. However, these forms of populism representative democracy if not controlled and led through patriotism can cause serious economic crisis as is the case of what has happened in Greece.

Greece was among the first countries to civilize and its political history has remained based on same principles since 1974. Previously it was on a dictatorial military leadership until they voted out the constitutional monarchy to a parliamentary system. Greece consists of 13 regions headed by governors and 74 sub-regional units headed by the representatives elected by people. Governors are appointed by the interior minister. The administrative ranks then follow downwards to municipalities and finally to villages. Their resource allocation system depends on national government budget which allocates all the funds up-to-the lowest administrative level.

Though this form of political setting is healthy for execution of democracy, direct representative democracy in Greece political setting can be related to the ever deteriorating Greece economic performances.  This is because the people seeking elective positions have to make promises to the voters to win their votes. It advocates for a populism kind of political setting where everything can be sacrificed to hold power. Some of these promises are unrealistic and they force the operating system of government to live beyond its means and thus keep on accumulating debts years in, year out while trying to maintain a high living standard to impress the voters.

The system is organized into three major arms, constituting of the;

Judiciary-This is an appointment body entrusted with making decisions in places of conflicts and interpret the laws to ensure that justice is done to parties in question. It consists of both administrative and civil courts. These courts are overseen by the Supreme Courts of Cassation, State Council and Chamber of Accounts.

Legislature –This is the body entrusted with making laws which are to govern the political system. The legislative body in Greece is parliament. In order to pass a law, then the majority of the house have to vote in favor of the proposition and pass all the stages until the president and prime minister assent. The house is headed by the speaker who is also elected by parliament on a majority voting. If majority voting fails then relative majority presides and the winner is declared as the speaker. The members of parliament are immune from criminal charges arrest or jail detention.

Executive-These enforce the laws made by the legislature and those who break it are handled by the judiciary. If convicted are either fined or jailed. It works closely with the two other arms and acts like the intermediating link between the two.

The politics of Greece are headed by a president who is elected by parliament on a five round voting system one month before the expiry of the outgoing president. The current president of Greece is Prokopis Parlopoulos and was elected by Hellenic parliament on 13th march 2015. The president appoints the leader of the majority in parliament to be the prime minister. The prime minister handles all the business of the government while the president who is largely ceremonial is the left with state functions and also heads the armed forces.

The current prime minister is Alexis Tsipras and was sworn in office on 21st September 2015. The difference in dates between the presidential and other political officials is because the president serves for five terms and the parliamentarians serve for four years. Greece is a multiparty democracy and thus in most of the times the leading party forms the government. The business of the Greece parliament is headed by the speaker with the aid of deputy speakers and prefects.

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