Difference Between Nationalism And Socialism

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The structure of nationalism focuses around developing a society on the basis of a national identity. The definition of a nationalist society attaches significance within a demographic region where the people share a common ethnicity or culture. The people come together in an organized society with an identified political ideology that guarantees order in the community. The structure of nationalism is based on people living by following a series of ideologies that they consider common and reasonable. The state of the society is determined by the subsequent laws created to ensure that there are credible opportunities for society to achieve progress.

Socialism, on the other hand, bases its structure on a democratic approach in the way society produces its most important groups. Social ownership is a dominant feature of the structure of socialism as the entire community works together towards the common goal of social prosperity. The structure of socialism was already determined in the 1700s as a response to the disparities created by a capitalist society (Newman, 2005). Socialism seeks to organize a collective effort in organizing entire communities towards a collective front in the productivity process. The responsibility of production is with the entire community. This is unlike a nationalist structure where governments and private entities take full control of production processes.


Nationalism is a single ideology whose complexities are based on the capitalistic system dominating the modern world. The organization of people who share common heritage, religions and other dominant ideologies makes up a nation. National anthems, national flags and symbols of national unity offer an insight into the complexity of nationalism. This is because it involves organizing entire geographical regions into single countries where people can align with common principles. Law and order is determined by elected officials who represent the interests of the majorities within their countries.

Socialism, however, consists of two main broad complexities; market and non-market forms. Market socialism is a radical approach to organizing socially-owned enterprises towards profitability. The collective efforts of the community benefit large institutions which in turn are responsible for promoting development in the community (Malesevic, 2013). Non-market socialism, however, is a social system that relies on numerous economic laws to regulate the problems brought by capital accumulation in a nationalist system. The organization of society depends on their specialization, and every relevant individual is involved in the productivity process for the common good.


Nationalism is an ideology that has been widely adopted all over the world since its inception in the eighteenth century. Nationalism is a way for people to identify with common beliefs and principles that regulate their communities (Özkirimli, 2010). Nationalist, in truth, has spread to almost every country in the world because each individual has to identify with a nation. The scope of nationalism has no limits because people share different cultures and heritage, and nationalistic pride is an excellent way of showing these variations. Each person in the modern world identifies with a country, and this simple fact has ensured that nationalism remains a dominant school of thought in the twenty-first century.

Socialism, however, has a small scope because it has not been practiced in several countries around the world. The most notable examples of nations that have applied socialist principles to their societies include Tanzania, the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China. Socialism has been used as a way of bringing members of different communities together by eliminating the excesses that the capitalist system creates. The socialist system, however, also benefits just a few elite people within a country, and this has limited its scope to other parts of the world.

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