Discussions about same sex attractions and relations was quite common in the medieval times till it did not become a taboo under the religious wings where it was considered as an anomaly and an act against the basic rules which govern the law of nature. Sex and gender were not synonymous and the people were not shunned for their choices
Throughout history same sex relations have had a direct impact on the status of the individual, but also since freemen had full status in the ancient society, they were allowed to have same sex relation with non citizens such as young boys
To still stay true to his noble status a freeman called the erastes would court the young boy called the eromenos or paidika and only enter into a relationship with him till he would reach maturity.
Roman Empire saw the height of intolerance to homosexuality, where people were frequently executed for such acts. At one point of time, the church only considered procreative sex as practical and all other sexual activities as sinful
The sharp intolerance in the twelfth and the fourteenth century towards homosexuals stemmed from the Church’s appeal to a conception of ‘˜nature’ as a standard of morality to ban homosexuality.
Middle class was always the one with the narrowest view about homosexuality while the aristocrats and the nobles were still open to some sort of public acceptance of alternative sexual attractions
An apparent disgust towards homosexuality also came from the fact that throughout histories, kingdoms and regimes opposed the act of sodomy
The essentialist approach claims that the categories of sexual attraction are observed rather than created, which basically means that the society did not generally have names for this sexual act but did note those men which were only attracted to a person of the same sex. So it is more of a natural product than a historical or a cultural one
Homosexuality was at one point of time welcomed and celebrated in India, which is evident from the cave paintings found featuring same-sex couplings. The Kama Sutra , which is an ancient Hindu text deals with desires of mankind and depicts sex as one of the four normative goals of life. It discusses homosexuals and third sex citizens.
Biologically speaking the hypothalamus (part of the brain which determines the characteristics that frame out minds as males or females) is significantly different for homosexual men and women. Also going against various theories which classify homosexuality as unnatural, it has been proved that genetically homosexual men are same as the heterosexual ones
Lesbianism was termed as Lesbian passion by the Greeks as it was derived from a greek island Lesbos after its female poet Sappho who wrote about love between two women