Wilhelm Wundt was born in 16 August 1832. Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt was a German physician, psychologist, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from biology and philosophy, was the first person to ever call himself a Psychologist. He is widely regarded as the “father of experimental psychology”. In 1879, Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig. This marked psychology as an independent field of study. He died in 31st August 1920.
1. Physiological psychology is, therefore, first of all psychology.
2. The distinguishing characteristics of mind are of a subjective sort; we know them only from the contents of our own consciousness.
3. In Aristotle the mind, regarded as the principle of life, divides into nutrition, sensation, and faculty of thought, corresponding to the inner most important stages in the succession of vital phenomena.
4. Child psychology and animal psychology are of relatively slight importance, as compared with the sciences, which deal with the corresponding physiological problems of ontogeny and phylogeny.
5. The task of physiological psychology remains the same in the analysis of ideas that it was in the investigation of sensations: to act as mediator between the neighboring sciences of physiology and psychology.
6. The results of ethnic psychology constitute, at the same time, our chief source of information regarding the general psychology of the complex mental processes.
7. On the other hand, ethnic psychology must always come to the assistance of individual psychology, when the developmental forms of the complex mental processes are in question.
8. Philosophical reflection could not leave the relation of mind and spirit in the obscurity, which had satisfied the needs of the naive consciousness.
9. Now, there are a very large number of bodily movements, having their source in our nervous system that does not possess the character of conscious actions.
10. We speak of virtue, honor, reason; but our thought does not translate any one of these concepts into a substance.
11. The materialistic point of view in psychology can claim, at best, only the value of a heuristic hypothesis.
12. The attitude of physiological psychology to sensations and feelings, considered as psychical elements, is, naturally, the attitude of psychology at large.
13. Physiology seeks to derive the processes in our own nervous system from general physical forces, without considering whether these processes are or are not accompanied by processes of consciousness.
14. The general statement that the mental faculties are class concepts, belonging to descriptive psychology, relieves us of the necessity of discussing them and their significance at the present stage of our inquiry.
15. In the animal world, on the other hand, the process of evolution is characterised by the progressive discrimination of the animal and vegetative functions, and a consequent differentiation of these two great provinces into their separate departments.
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