Ten Wondrous Facts About Stem Cells

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1. Humans are highly dependable on stem cells.

• From the very early development of life, stem cell is formed.
• Stem cells are the foundation of cells for every organ.
• The human body is a one whole organism that is made up of parts and organs.
• Organs are made up of variety of tissues which holds pool of cells (the fundamental unit of life) that maintains the steady state of functioning of a cell.
• There are about 200 different types (and in countless numbers) of cells in the human body.

2. Stem cells are the primary repair system of the human body.

• Did you ever wonder how a broken bone heal itself and goes back to normal? The credit belongs to your stem cells.
• They have two key properties; the ability to self-renew and differentiate.
• The unique regenerative abilities of stem cells enable them to divide (reproduce identical copies of themselves) limitless, renew themselves and differentiate.
• Healthy stem cell replaces damaged ones.
• Stem cells can also develop into many different cell types for a specialized function such as cells of the skin, brain and more. This process is called differentiation.

3. Stem cells come from two main sources.

• Embryonic stem cells which are derived from bastocyst (a structure formed in the development of mammals) and somatic or adult stem cells which are undifferentiated cells throughout the body.

4. Stem cells can be harvested.

• They can be experimentally derived from animals and humans to grow in laboratory that can induce cell division and promote growth.
• Numerous stem cells can be reaped from bone marrow, umbilical cord, amniotic fluid, blood and other various parts and organs of the body).

5. Stem cells are considered unspecialized cells.

• Do not posses tissue-specific structures to perform specialized functions but it has the capacity to differentiate into specialized cell that can perform all other function of those tissue specific cells.

6. Stem cells can be re programmed genetically.

• Modification of stem cells can fully exploit its potential through manually adding DNA to the cell.
• Growing genetically manipulated organs and tissues from stem cells is the future of human evolution.

7. Stem cells play a game-changing role in scientific researches.

• From a medical perspective, the study on how cells work and what goes wrong in certain diseases give way to uncover strategies and new ways to address this challenge in diagnosis and treatment.
• Furthermore, the study of cellular behavior helps scientists to understand dysfunctional cell division that leads to cancer.

8. Stem cells play an integral part in regenerative medicine.

• Regenerative medicine have three interrelated approaches;
• Rejuvenation. Aims to boost the body’s innate ability to heal.
• Replacement. Clinical application of stem cells. It is the use of healthy cells to replace non-functioning one (as in organ transplant from deceased donor or bone-marrow transplant).
• Regeneration. Focuses on the delivery of cell products to diseased tissues for restoration of its function.

9. Stem cells give hope and a promising medical breakthrough.

• The mechanism and the unique attributes on what causes stem cells to proliferate is still a mystery.
• An answer to this puzzling question will be an exceptional success in the area of biomedicine.

10. Stem cell research faces ethical issues.

• Like all other researches involving humans, stem cell research is subjected to a code of ethics.
• It raises ethical discussions and controversies as it is a quite sensitive downstream research.
• A set of policy is needed to ensure that stem cell experimental research is carried out in an ethically appropriate manner to preserve the morale of the subject.

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