1. Asperger’s Syndrome is complex brain disorder which is classified under Autism Spectrum disorder.
• Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are group of neurodevelopmental disorders manifested from infancy to early childhood and may persist until adulthood.
• Aside from Asperger’s syndrome (AS), other autism spectrum comprised of childhood disintegrative disorder, autism, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
2. A child with Asperger’s Syndrome is commonly referred as ‘Aspies’.
• The disorder is named after Hans Asperger (1944), an Austrian pediatrician who first described this disorder upon observing four children he encountered in his practice having difficulties in social interaction.
3. Aspergers is often hard to diagnose.
• Symptoms are nearly similar to classic autism and are characterized as being at the highest functioning edge of autistic spectrum disorder and is sometimes misdiagnosed as attention deficit hyperactive disorder as there is no specific diagnostic test for AS.
• The basis for diagnosing Aspergers is determining a child’s difficulty in the three primary areas (hallmark of the disorder).
o Focus on rules and routines
o Interacting socially and
o Repetitive behavior
4. Asperger’s Syndrome has no cure.
• Children with Aspergers tend to express their feelings in unpredictable ways.
• This is managed through behavioral therapy because the disorder typically correlates with poor social behavior.
• Interventions and therapies address individual children’s specific needs.
• Among the treatment plan to help children with Aspergers are introducing simple steps to accomplish a certain task, structured activities to actively engage the child’s attention, social skills training through consistent behavior reinforcement.
5. Asperger’s cause is unknown.
• Brain abnormalities and genetic factors are some of the common associating link to the disorders.
• Current research suggests that the disorder is caused by abnormal migration of embryonic cells during development that poses changes in the brain responsible for the manifestation of the symptoms.
• This phenomenon probably affects brain structure that controls one’s thought and behavior.
• Most researches are presumptions and probabilities with limited data available.
6. Children with Aspergers have underdeveloped gross and fine motor skills.
• On assessment of developmental milestones, delays (lack coordination) are obviously seen in executing simple tasks or activities such as catching a ball or pedaling a bike.
• Clumsiness is one of the traits common to them.
7. Aspergers child may throw tantrums that are often out-of-control.
• They have trouble understanding the world around them as perceived by their senses.
• Understanding an aspergers child condition is a factor is important to consider in imposing disciplinary actions. Techniques should be tailored to the child’s special needs.
• These tantrums are often termed as meltdown are their way of expressing frustrations and feeling of being upset that may lasts an hour and may persist at some times over the day.
8. Children with Aspergers have very narrow interests.
• They tend to have intense preoccupation over something.
• They have obsessions on certain toys or limited focus on areas of interest which are apparent in the first few months of the child’s development and more become evident as the child grows.
• Their activities and behaviors are repetitive in pattern with difficulties adapting to even a smallest form of transitions and changes.
• These are few reasons which make them often isolated.
9. Most people with Asperger’s Syndrome are quite intelligent.
• Their intelligence appeared normal and ranges from average to above average with normal language development but lacked nonverbal communication skills.
• They bear excellent memories on dates, times and figures.
10. Parental intervention is crucial in teaching children with Aspergers.
• Parent can help their child by appreciating his strengths and acknowledgement of good work while working conscientiously on the weaknesses.
• Aspergers is a milder form of disorders in autism spectrum which makes parenting a daunting task.
• Having a child with such disorder is a challenge to every parent as it requires a lot of patience and understanding in dealing with them.