Interesting Facts about Qing Dynasty

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The Qing Dynasty was the last of the series of Imperial Dynasties in China. The Qing Dynasty was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and during this period, the territories of Imperial China grew three times the size that it had been in its previous era. A national economy was established and the many non-Chinese minorities that came into the territories were Sinicized. The Qing Dynasty consisted of the Manchus, who though not Han Chinese adopted Chinese culture and retained many traditions and institutions that had been previously introduced by the Ming Dynasty in order to gain power over the empire and its people.

Below presented are some interested facts about them.

Qing Dynasty was officially established in the year 1636. The Manchus with the intention of designating their regime over Manchuria established the Qing Dynasty.

They ruled successfully for over 300 years and every ruler who ruled during this period strived hard to maintain strong and well controlled empire.

Qing is a Chinese word that means pure.

Under the Qing Dynasty, law, weights, writing, measurements and currency was standardised.

Chinese were employed as government officials for various posts in order to ensure that the Qing rulers could maintain control over the people. However, for greater administrative control, half of the higher official ranks were reserved for the Manchus only.

The Russians were driven out of their Albazin fort that was located along the borders of Manchuria by the Amur River under the leadership of Emperor Kangxi.

Porcelain manufacture flourished during this period along with the prosperity of the handicraft industry as well.

Neo-Confucianism which preached the obedience of subject to one’s ruler was strictly enforced under the Ming emperor.

Chinese literature as well as trade was given full freedom of development which made ancient Chinese literature flourish during this period.

In spite of tolerant policies towards the Han Chinese, numerous measures were taken during this period to ensure that they could not rise in rebellion against the emperor. Intermarriage between Manchus and Han Chinese were prohibited. Han Chinese was also barred from migrating into Manchurian homeland. Various other measures were also employed to ensure that Han loyalty to Qing rule was maintained.

It was under the Qing Dynasty that Taiwan was incorporated into China. Until then, the empire had always faced resistance from the Taiwanese.
The Qings used silver coins as currency for transactions and regular coins for smaller transactions. Old and new coins were used simultaneously which made it difficult as currency was not yet standardised. The value of coin too happened to be inflated.

The Qing Dynasty’s decline began during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. Later successors like Jiaqing and Daoguang were not adept at reigning successfully and led to the dynasty’s fall. Western countries started their invasion into Chinese markets. Opium was legalised leading to poisoning and outflow of China’s silver after which in 1840, Britain got into Opium War with China. With the establishment of the Taiping Kingdom and result of many internal divisions, the Qing Dynasty finally crumbled in 1846. Dr. Sun Yat Sen’s revolution created the greatest impact with its establishment of the ‘˜Revolutionary United Society of China.’

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