• Early Life
Millard Fillmore was born in a log cabin in Locke Township (now Summer Hill), New York on January 7, 1800. He was the 2nd of the eight children of Nathaniel Fillmore and Phoebe Millard Fillmore. Fillmore grew from a very poor family only having a small farm in Cayuga, New York that could not support their financial needs. Because of that, Fillmore was entered by his father as an apprentice of a brutal cloth maker.
• Fillmore’s Education
Because of their lack of financial capabilities, Millard Fillmore had to steal books when he could so that he could study and learn. He was very obsessed on reading every book he could get his hands on. He somehow managed to study within 6 consecutive months in New Hope Academy in New York.
• Professional Career
Millard Fillmore started as his professional life as a teacher in East Aurora about a few miles away from Buffalo in 1822. However, he relocated into the city to study law. After Fillmore passed the bar exam he returned to East Aurora to open a law office.
• The First Lady
Abigail Powers Fillmore was the first lady of the 13th President of the Unites States of America. She was a teacher in New Hope Academy and Millard Fillmore was one of her students. She was born in Stillwater, Saratoga Country in New York on March 13, 1798 just two years older than his husband. President Fillmore started to court her while working as a clerk in a local judge and the couple was married in 1826.
• Anti-Masonic Party
Millard Fillmore began his political career by joining the Anti-Masonic Party. He served three terms under the New York State Assembly. After that, he was elected for the House of Representatives in 1832. Fillmore helped to end slavery and support the protective tariffs during this time.
• University of Buffalo
Millard Fillmore played a huge role for the establishment of the University of Buffalo in 1846. He also served as the university’s first chancellor.
• Vice President
Millard Fillmore left the Anti-Masonic party and joined the Whig Party because of Thurlow Weed, his political mentor and the person who helped Abraham Lincoln to win the presidency. He was elected as a Vice President under his partner President Zachary Taylor, which he only met after the election.
• Senate President
The partnership of President Zachary Taylor and Vice President Millard Fillmore did not go well and he was excluded from any major role by the President. Also, Fillmore was assigned as the Senate President, which is currently resolving the issues of slavery at that time.
• Millard Fillmore: The 13th President
The sudden death of President Zachary Taylor made Millard Fillmore the 13th president of USA. Although Fillmore was personally against slavery and attempted to reduce the conflict between the North and South, he still valued most his country. Fillmore supported the so-called Compromise of 1850.
• Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 was composed of many bills that allowed federal officers to capture run-away slaves and to take them back to their owners; admitted California as a free state; resettled the boundary between Texas and New Mexico; and many more that improves peace in USA.
• Library of Congress
An accidental fire in the Library of Congress destroyed two-thirds of its collection, including Thomas Jefferson’s collection of books. It was reported that President Millard Fillmore and other members of the Congress helped to put out the fire. President Fillmore signed a bill that will help to fund the restoration of the Library.