Interesting Facts about CBT

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a multi-dimensional psychotherapeutic process that is used by professional psychologists and therapists to treat patients with myriad psychic anomalies. The psychic conditions that are treated with this therapeutic process include abnormal mood swings, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, substance abuse etc. The CBT works as an action oriented technique which might include either behavioural therapy or cognitive therapy or both at a time. The dysfunctional emotions and maladaptive behaviours are best treated by this method. Experts have also admitted that any symptom-based disorder is best treated with CBT. The rationale behind the therapy is simple. It acknowledges that some psychiatric disorders cannot be controlled through rational thought but rather a disciplined set of behavioural therapy that is essentially action oriented.

Although quite well-known amongst psychological experts of today, the CBT remains a term strictly confined to the specialized world of psychotherapy. Common people know very little about it. To make them acquainted with the term, some interesting facts can be imparted about CBT. These are as follows:

  • The predecessor to CBT was first developed in the 1970s by Donald Meichenbaum and he labelled it as the ‘œcognitive behaviour modification’. Behavioural therapy was integrated into cognitive psychology to develop this new therapy.

  • The CBM was later integrated with the cognitive therapy of Aaron Beck and the Rational Emotive Therapy of Albert Ellis.

  • The modern therapies of CBT states that the maladaptive emotions of the patients can be changed by behavioural adjustment. The key is to recognize and accept these emotions and thought-processes and to act accordingly so as to minimize their impact on the patient.

  • These modern forms of CBT have different types of techniques that are used by therapists. These include exposure therapy, cognitive processing therapy, relaxation training, dialectical behavioural therapy and other.

  • There are six phases of any CBT therapeutic process. These are: psychological assessment, re-conceptualization, skills acquisition, application training, generalization and post-treatment assessment.

  • The role of CBT has been considered in the clinical field as well. There are evidences in recent studies that it is effective to treat ADHD, depression, schizophrenia, dual personality and substance use disorders.

  • While treating the psychological breakdown of women who have breast-cancer, the CBT seems to be effective not only against the thought-process of the women, but also the spread of the disease itself.

  • The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in the United Kingdom refers to CBT to treat most of psychological disorders related to behavioural and cognitive malfunction.

  • The CBT is not used on patients irrelevant of their age and gender. The former, especially, is a very important factor. The instrumental aspect of CBT is the behavioural and cognitive adaption of the patient which varies according to age.

  • Very recently, the CBT has been applied through a computerized session with patients. This is called CCBT and it is thought to be the future of CBT.

These are only some of the facts about CBT that might make a common man aware of the therapeutic process. It is being uses more and more widely by psycho-therapist all over the world and is very effective.

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