Nunavut is the largest and northernmost territory of Canada, and it is also the newest part that Canada was able to acquire. Nunavut holds the smallest population in all of the other territories in Canada despite its size. Compiled in this article are 10 interesting facts about the land that shaped the geography of Canada to what it is today.
Fact 1: While there are people living in Nunavut today, it is quite surprising that there are no roads to speak of in the area. The only way to travel between the 25 communities in Nunavut is via plane.
Fact 2: Most of the population in Nunavut is of Inuit ancestry which has lived in the area for hundreds of years before being absorbed as part of Canada.
Fact 3: There are 4 major languages spoken in Nunavut; Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, French, and English.
Fact 4: Nunavut is, unfortunately, currently facing some high societal problems such as unemployment, illegal drug abuse, and increased suicide rates.
Fact 5: It officially became part of the territory of Canada on April 1st, 1999.
Fact 6: Nunavut experiences winter all year round with only short periods of warmer climate. This, in turn, leaves most of the water in the area frozen for almost the whole year.
Fact 7: Winter in Nunavut is harsh and, in fact, people have a hard time distinguishing where the land ends and the lakes begin.
Fact 8: As the land is frozen, no vegetables and fruits are able to grow in Nunavut. Perishable goods such as these are flown in from different areas.
Fact 9: Arts and craft are the main exports of Nunavut. The land is also ripe with natural minerals such as copper, silver, gold, and diamonds.
Fact 10: Fishing and hunting are still the main methods for most residents to obtain food in Nunavut.