Malcolm Little was born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents were middle-class people and involved in the church. His father, Earl Little, was a Baptist minister deeply involved as a Civil Rights activist and avid supporter of the Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey.
Fact 1. Malcolm did not have a comfortable time growing up due to being involved in narcotics and gambling.
Fact 2. Malcolm Little changed his name to Malcolm X to signify a tribal name as he was of the opinion that ‘Little’ was a slave name.
Fact 3. Malcolm became involved with the Nation of Islam (NOI) movement and was credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963.
Fact 4. One of the most famous quotes of Malcolm X was, ‘œWithout education, you are not going anywhere in this world.’
Fact 5. Malcolm’s mother was from the West Indies, born of mixed parentage. Her mother was black and father white.
Fact 6. Malcolm X had childhood memories of the Ku Klux Klan attacking and burning down his home. This was in Lansing, Michigan.
Fact 7. Malcolm was founder and editor of an influential black journal called ‘Muhammad Speaks.’ He advocated black power instead of integration and racial equality.
Fact 8. The movie on the life of Malcolm X in 1992 received several Oscar nominations. Denzel Washington acted in this movie.
Fact 9. Malcolm was assassinated on February 21, 1965 at a speaking engagement in the Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom.
Fact 10. Malcolm’s assassins were: Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson. All men who were members of the Nation of Islam were convicted of first-degree murder in March, 1966.