Facts about DPA

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DPA or Data Protection Act is a law that was passed in the year 1998 by the UK government which defines the rules for all people and organizations those who store data about living people and also gives rights to all those persons whose data has been collected.

This DPA law, includes personal data of individuals like telephone number, email addresses, residential and office addresses, job history and others.

Here are a few notable facts about DPA:

  • In this act, all those people whose data is accesses are called ‘œData Subjects’, while those people who uses these data are known as ‘œData Users’.

  • Under this act persons or organizations who are responsible for using the data has to follow certain rules which are known as ‘œData Protection Principals’.

  • Data Protection Act, makes sure that the data stored is used fairly and lawfully. It also ensures that the data is used for a specifically stated limited purposes.

  • DPA also helps ensuring the citizens of UK that their data is kept for no longer that it is absolutely necessary to keep them on records and is not transferred outside the European Economic Area (EEA) without adequate protection under this act.

  • Under the Data Protection Act, sensitive personal information such as political opinions, religious beliefs, health data, sexual health records, ethnic background and criminal records of any person are legally protected through this act.

  • If the information is about investigation, detection or prevention of a crime, or if the data pertains to countrywide security or of military and para-military forces, or contains information regarding assessment or collection of tax, or contains data regarding judicial or ministerial appointments, organizations are allowed to withhold such information without providing any reasons for withholding such data under this act.

  • The cost for accessing data which are protected by the DPA, is usually no more than £10, but at times it can be more if the information are of greater importance.

  • Under the Data Protection Act, if any one feels that their data has been misused or even if he/she feels that the organization holding the data has not kept the data secured, one can seek assistance and advice by contacting the ICO (Information Commissioner’s Office).

  • Under the Data Protection Act, not only data which are held in electronic format are protected by DPA, but also manual data which are held by any organization of British citizens are also protected by DPA and is recognized by the Act’s ‘˜Relevant Filing System’.

  • The definition of personal data in the Data Protection Act was broadened by the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

  • All information regarding Data protection Act is available on the official website of the Information Commissioner. One can also approach the office of JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) for finding out more about Data Protection resources which are regularly published and updated by the JISC legal information service department in UK.

The Data Protection Act also helps the UK citizens to sue for compensation if any individual suffers damage through contravention of this Act, whereby individuals are also allowed to take necessary actions which are required for blocking, rectification, erasure and destruction of inaccurate data under this act.

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