The process of adoption is in relation to the creation of a parent-child relationship between individuals who are not related by birth. The child adopted will be legally provided with privileges accorded to a child borne by birth to the parents.
Fact 1. According to statistics, the chances of children in foster care being adopted is slim with more than 60% Â of such children spending between 2 to 5 years in foster care before being adopted. Almost 20% of such children are in foster care for 5 years or more before being adopted.
Fact 2. Â There are 400,000 children of which 114,556 are not able to return to their natural families. A major proportion of these children are either males or African-Americans who are aged six or older.
Fact 3. Â Â The race and ethnic distribution of Â adopted children is different from the general population. Â Adopted children are more likely to be black.
Fact 4. Â Â Adoption is rare as between 1973 and 2002, the percentage of married women between the ages of 18-44 years who had adopted a child is between the range of 1.3 and 2.2%.
Fact 5. Â Men are twice as likely as women to adopt a child.
Fact 6. Â About 26% of women Â between the ages of 40-44 years of age who used infertility services had adopted a child.
Fact 7. Â Unmarried adults between the ages of 18-40 were less likely to have adopted a child compared to those who were married.
Fact 8. Â A higher percentage of Hispanic women and black women were currently intending to adopt a child compared to non-Hispanic, white women.
Fact 9. The preferable profile of a child to be adopted is below two years old, without any disabilities, and a single child that has no siblings. Women prefer to adopt a girl.
Fact 10. More than two-thirds of women will not accept children over 13 years of age or a child with a severe disability.