Bhagat Singh- A Hero, A Revolutionary

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Bhagat Singh was born on September 27 ,1907 in Lahore to Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu and Vijayvati.
He was an Indian socialist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement.

Let’s take a sneak peek into his life.

➢ Born into a family of patriots, Bhagat Singh’s undying love for his country were evident from his young days. His father was a supporter of the Ghadr campaign of 1914-1915.
The execution of Kartar Singh Sarabha moved the young Bhagat Singh so much, who then dedicated his his life for the country.

➢ He dropped out of Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School in Lahore after a call by Mahatma Gandhi and other nationalist leaders to boycott government aided schools as part of the non-cooperation movement. He then joined the Nationalist College at Lahore.

➢ Bhagat Singh left the party as he was displeased at Gandhiji’s withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement following the Chauri-Chaura incident and joined the Young Revolutionary movement.

➢ He worked as a writer with members of the Kirti Kisan Party and regularly wrote for its magazine, The Kirti.

➢ In March 1926, he along with his comrades formed The Naujawan Bharat Sabha. A militant youth organization that propagated socialist ideas and the necessity of direct action against the British rule.

➢ Bhagat Singh considered his love for the country his higher priority over getting married. He said “if my marriage was to take place in Slave-India, my bride shall be only death”.

➢ On 30th October 1928, the whole country came out to protest against the Simon Commission.
Led by Lala Lajpat Rai, the crowd kept chanting ‘Simon go back’. The police confronted and lathi-charged the crowd. Lala Lajpat Rai was severely injured, and died later of his wounds. Agitated at this, Bhagat Singh and his comrades plotted to assassin General Scott, whom they considered responsible for Lala Lajpat Rai’s death, but mistakenly killed JP Saunders, Assistant Superintendent of police. Bhagat Singh escaped to Calcutta to avoid arrest. He disguised himself as wealthy merchant and even cut his beard and hair breaking the sacred Sikh laws to avoid recognition.

➢ After being quiet for several months, he became active again when the public safety bill and the trade bills were being debated upon in Delhi. Completely against it, Bhagat Singh and B.K.Dutt volunteered to bomb the Delhi legislative assembly, where the bill was to be passed .
On the morning of 8th April 1929, Bhagat Singh and B.K.Dutt bombed the assembly when it was in session. They shouted ‘ Inquilab Zindabad’ before throwing leaflets, expressing their anger against the British government. Bhagat Singh got arrested voluntarily and admitted to killing J.P.Saunders along with Rajguru and Sukhdev. Together, the three were charged with murder and sentenced to death. During their trial, he spoke fearlessly against the British rule.

➢ In prison, he spent most of his day reading socialist literature. While there, he noticed that the prison officials were biased against Indian political prisoners while favoring foreign prisoners.
He started a hunger strike within the prison which lasted for 63 days till the authorities gave in and treated all of the prisoners alike.

➢ He was hanged on 23RD March 1931. He kissed the hangman’s noose and shouted for the last time “Down with British imperialism.” His body was cremated in Hussainiwala and his remains were thrown in the river Sutlej.
With it came the end a great freedom fighter’s life, but his legacy lives on, even to this day.

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