The country of Bulgaria sits in the European continent exactly occupying the southeastern region. Its capital is Sofia; a commercially viable city populated with 7.4 Million people. It is enclosed by the borders of Romania in the North, Serbia and Macedonia in the west, Greece and Turkey in the south and Black sea in the east. It is the sixteenth largest country in the Europe.
The topographical profile that make up Bulgaria includes the Danubian Plain, the Balkan Mountains, the Thracian Plain, and the Rhodope Mountains.
Bulgaria is a home to multitudes of diverse species inclusive of both plants and animals. Such a wide number is accommodated in 3 national parks, 11 nature parks and 17 biosphere reserves contributing 35 percent of its land area. It is also a region wherein the oldest trees in the world such as Baikushev’s pine and the Granit oak are grown.
Bulgaria reduced 30 percent of its carbon di oxide emission after an oath it took with the Kyoto protocol. About 75 percent of the rivers veining the country hold up good in the quality test following an improvement plan charted out in the year 1998.
The government of Bulgaria chose to be a unitary parliamentary republic with affinity towards political, administrative and economic functions. Bulgaria holds membership with the European Union (EU) and NATO. It also sticks to the pride of occupying the UN Security Council seat thrice.
Bulgaria is decorated with the presence of Kozarnicka caves, one of the most interesting locations of the country. These caves dot the northern slopes of the Balkan mountain. Kozarnicka serves as one of the earliest evidences of the early man suggesting that the caves were once home to the Lower Paleolithic hunters.
Bulgaria was a home to manifold civilizations and one among them was the infamous Varna Civilization. This civilization holds the credit of the oldest known smelters who made coins, jewelry and weapons out of Gold and hid them in a treasure cove known as the Varna Necropolis meaning the Varna cemetery. It is a prehistoric burial site dating from 4600 BC to 4200 BC. With this site added to its cap, Bulgaria was referred as the key archeological sites of the prehistoric times.
Another notable location with an architectural stint is the Old town of Plovdiv. The complex at Plovdiv is actually named as Old Town. Signs of the past civilization starting from the 1st century BC have taken a seat at the complex. The ancient Romans have also set foot over the country with their theatre, stadium, ancient forum and The Irene residential house. The regional history museum displays the cultural and the spiritual lives of the Plovdiv people.
Smolyan is a town located to the far south of Bulgaria and is a notable skiing resort. Shiroka Laka is a village 23 km away from the town admired for an amalgamation of the row houses dotting either sides of the river and the pleasant climate. It is rich with history offered by places such as Zgurovski konak Ethnographic Museum, the monument of Exarch Stefan I, the rock formations: Momata (the Maiden) and Glavata (the Head) and the chapels make it up to the list of most popular tourist destinations.
Mother Nature has also taken the pains to decorate this place with the presence of the wonderful bridge called as the Chudnite Mostove found on the Rhodope Mountain. The wonderful bridges were naturally formed rock phenomenon depicting a wonderful walkway from one village to the other. In the early years, this bridge was a cave, with the ferocious river activity it was eventually reduced to a walkway.
Devil’s cave is another place of nature s retreat. These caves are unusual as they entertain their visitors with the discovery of a mysterious and mind boggling underground kingdom and not with the usual rock formations. The caves receive the tourists with the entrance similar to a devil’s head and it descends down into a throat gifted with a massive waterfall. The interesting fact here is that nothing carried by the river into these caves returns back. Various experiments performed at the location loop in with the suspicious presence of an extensive system of underground streams housed in the caves.