Amazing Facts about the History of Dhaka Bangladesh

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Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is also pronounced as Dacca. It is located on the north of the Buriganga River which is a tributary of the Dhaleshwari River, in the southern centre of the country.

Dhaka is a popular city and very populous, as well. It is one of the largest of the metropolitan cities of South Asia. Here are some interesting and lesser known facts about Dhaka.

  • The name ‘œDhaka’ had its origin from a special type of tree – ‘œDhak Tree’, which was popular in this region. It is also believed to get its name from the Dhakeshwari, which means, ‘œThe Hidden Goddess.’ The shrine of this goddess is in the western regions of the city.

  • The city had a long history which did not get proper shape until the 17th century. It was then the capital of the Mughal dynasty in Bengal. The Mughals ruled here from 1608 to 1704. It was the main region of local sea business which in due course attracted many French, Armenian, English, Dutch and Portuguese traders.

  • Dhaka is famous for its beautiful historic buildings which were built during the Muslim era. The exclusive architectures include the Lal Bagh Fort and Barah Katra. It was a huge historically important building that was used to shelter caravans. Chhota Katra located in Dhaka is of historical importance as well.

  • The tomb of Bibi Pari, the wife of the governor of Bengal is also beautifully built. She had died in 1684. There is a religious monument belonging to the Shiite sect of Muslims, which is named Husayni Dalan. There are many noticeable buildings of the 17th century like the Tejgaon built by the Portuguese and the Hindu Dhakeshwari Temple.

  • Dhaka saw its downfall when the Muslim Industries lost power and at the same time provincial capital was shifted from Dhaka to Murshidabad.  Dhaka became the chief commercial hub and a centre of education in the early 20th century. By the end of British rule, Dhaka became a part of Pakistan, and the region was named East Pakistan in 1956.

  • Severe damage was caused to the city of Dhaka during the Independence Was in 1971. Despite the damage, the city was proclaimed the capital of Bangladesh. Since then the area, population and the socio-economic life started to expand, and the city experienced tremendous development.

  • Dhaka is now a densely populated and distinguished industrial hub. With the port of Narayanganj, 16 km down the south of Dhaka, the place has economically flourished a great deal. Export products are Jamdani, a fine quality of Muslin, silk, jeweler and embroidery.

  • There are other major industrial products, as well. They include pharmaceuticals, chemical stuffs, leather materials, ceramics, textiles and electronic goods too. A prominent garment export industry came forward by the end of the 20th century.

  • Shankaria Bazaar in Dhaka, also known as Hindu Street, is a colorful area of cacophony. The first settlement of this region was 300 years ago by Hindu artisans. They are known for kite making, tombstone engraving, picture painting and crafting jewelers.

  • Dhaka went to the hands of British in 1765. Since then Dhaka had been losing its significance until it was announced the capital of East Bengal and parts of Assam, in 1905.

In present times, Dhaka has become a major tourist destination in Bangladesh alongside Cox Bazaar.

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