What is TOEFL?
TOEFL stands for “Test of English as a Foreign Language”. It is basically an English test administered by the ETS or Educational Testing Service. This test is taken by students who are non-native English speakers to demonstrate their English skills which are a basic requirement for entry into schools in many English-speaking countries like the USA and Canada. Some graduates and employees may also take this test to fulfill a requirement from employment agencies, government institutions, or licensing institutions.
Students who wish to enroll in a college or university in the US for example need to take and pass TOEFL to gain admission to his/her chosen school. Those who also wish to work and immigrate to English-speaking countries like the US are also required to take this test to show proficiency in the English language. Required TOEFL test scores may also vary depending on the job and profession. Nurses from non-English speaking countries who wish to work in the US need to attain a certain score range in order to gain employment in hospitals and clinics. Specific scores are required depending on profession as certain jobs require different levels of English communication. In the case of nurses, they are involved with evaluations and assessments of patient care, so this particular profession requires a high level of TOEFL score.
The test involves four parts namely: speaking, reading, listening, and writing and it usually takes about four hours to complete. Each of these parts has their own scores, and schools and employment agencies may have different requirements on what score is acceptable or not. The administration of TOEFL in the past was either “paper-based” or “computer-based”. These two methods require people to go into designated testing centers to take the test. Recently, TOEFL iBT or TOEFL Internet-based Test is now available in some countries for people to take the test online.