Mesoamerica is a cultural region consisting of several states from Central Mexico to Northern Costa Rica. It is one of the six pioneer areas in the word of ancient civilization where most of pre-Columbian societies have settled before the Spanish colonization in 15th and 16th century.
Mesoamerica is exceptionally diverse in terms of its geographical area. It is made known because of its diverse culture and biological features. While known to be culturally rich, it accounts for the Word’s multifaceted society such as the Olmecs, Maya, and the Aztecs. The Olmecs were the first people to inhabit the Gulf coast of Mexico. During the formative period, the Olmecs have gradually mixed with the culture in Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Guatemela infusing the Mesoamerican culture in the area. The Olmecs were also the first people who introduced cultural built-ups in America such as the large clay platforms, temples, and palaces. Today, these cultural infrastructures have become part of Mesoamerica’s historical attributes.
During the post classic period, the Maya occupied the lowlands of the Maya area. The Mayans were the leaders of the violent changes in the Mexican civilization, particularly some parts of Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and western Honduras. They outlast their rivals by hiding in the jungle and residing in inaccessible areas.
The Aztecs came only towards the end of the post classic period when they build an empire that dominated the central Mesoamerica. They are known from their ritual of human sacrifice, which has been known to have been inherited from the Olmecs.
Aside from culture and history, Mesoamerica also homes two of the most famous and largest ecosystems in the world. These are the Mesoamerican Reef System and La Mosquita Rainforest. It is also known for its abundant agriculture such as the production of maize or mutant corn, beans, squashes, cotton, and chili peppers.