What is Legislative Power?
Legislative power refers to the power of the legislative branch of a particular government. This branch of government is in-charge with the creation, amendment, and changing of the laws of a particular country. To “legislate” literally means to “pass and/or create” laws. But aside from their duty involving the laws of a particular country, the legislative branch may also be involved in deciding if taxes are to be raised or lowered and in finalizing and/or allocating the national budget for services to the people.
One primary component of a legislative branch of government or the legislature is a house or chamber for voting and debating on bills. A bill is a law proposal submitted to the legislature for review and approval. Legislatures may be called unicameral, bicameral, or tricameral. Unicameral types refer to legislatures that only have one chamber or house. Bicameral legislature involves two houses and is usually referred to as the lower house and upper house. In countries with presidential systems, it is common to have the lower house or sometimes called as the House of Congress or House of Representatives, and the higher house which is also called the Senate. In rare occasions, some legislatures may have 3 chambers.
Countries around the world have different forms and systems of government. But generally, in the parliamentary type or system, the legislative branch of government is considered the highest or supreme branch because one of its members is elected to become the prime minister for that country. This particular prime minister will then be the main person involved in “executing” the laws of that particular country. In countries using the presidential form of government, the legislative branch is thought of as equal to the other branches like the executive and the judiciary branches.
In simple terms, those involving bicameral legislature start their function with the submission of a law proposal or a bill. This bill will then be deliberated and debated from the lower house and elevated later to the upper house for final ratification. When ratified by the majority, a bill will become a law.