Kidney is the most important organ of the human body, playing many life sustaining roles in the human body. It is a pair of two organs which are located above the waist. The basic function of the kidney is to clean the blood through the removal of excess fluid and waste. It also helps to keep a balance between salt and minerals in the blood, also helps in the regulation of blood pressure.
Damaged kidneys can cause serious problems which may lead to even more serious diseases in the future. The damaged kidneys can build up fluids and waste products in the body as a result of which vomiting, weakness, swelling of ankles, shortness of breath and poor sleep problems can occur. If the kidney disease is not given the required attention, it may stop working, causing even death of the person. The term â€œacute kidney injuryâ€ is used for the lowering of performance of the kidneys, which is also known as Acute Renal Failure. Many reasons are there behind the kidney disease including blood loss due to some traumatic injury, reduction in the flow of blood going towards kidneys, damage due to sepsis which is a serious infection, excessive usage of drugs and complications in pregnancy.
Kidney diseases are more common in marathon athletes and runners as their intake of fluid is comparatively low. Due to this low consumption, a breakdown of muscle tissues occur causing renal failure. Myoglobin is the chemical which is released due to this breakdown, causing the kidney disease. The kidney dis-functionality and the related diseases lasting for more than 3 months is known as Chronic Kidney Disease. The most common causes of Chronic Kidney Disease include high blood pressure and diabetes. Some other causes include urinary tract infections, inflammation, congenital defects and polycystic kidney disease.