H. pylori is the short form of Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori is a microaerophilic bacterium found in the stomach. This bacterium can cause a number of digestion related problems like nausea, heartburn, dyspepsia, stomach ache, bloating, gastritis, stomach ulcers, and ulcers in the duodenum. H. pylori bacteria are mostly found in the mucous layer of the stomach. Since the mucous layer protects the stomach cells from acid, it also protects the H. pylori bacteria in the process. Infection occurs when H. pylori anti-bodies develop in the blood.
This is usually caused when a person consumes food with a contaminated utensil. These bacteria can also enter the body via contaminated food and fluids. Since old people have weaker immune systems, they are mostly likely to be affected by this bacteria.
The symptoms of H. pylori gastritis are bloating, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, and stomach ache, usually in the upper abdomen; these symptoms are usually noticed after eating food or during the night. Some patients may also be detected with gastric ulcers. A few remedies to get temporary relief from these problems are antacids, cold milk, or medicines which cure stomach problems.
However, no risks should be taken and further examinations must be conducted, so the patient might be asked to undergo various tests like endoscopy, x-ray, CT scan, ultra-sonography, etc. If H. pylori bacteria is found in the digestive system, the patient is prescribed a proper antibiotic course. This therapy relieves the patient, if the main cause of the problem is H. pylori bacteria.
H.pylori gastritis is one of the most common health problems in the world. Patients suffering from this disease must get themselves thoroughly checked because there might be other complications as well, and the earlier the disease is treated the better. It is very likely that the H. pylori bacteria may be related to stomach cancer, either directly or indirectly.