Dyspepsia, which is the term for indigestion, refers to the medical condition wherein adverse symptoms and discomfort are experienced by patients around the upper gastrointestinal tract. The upper gastrointestinal tract is composed of the esophagus, and then the stomach, and finally the duodenum.
Aside from pain and discomfort in the upper gut, a person suffering from dyspepsia may also experience symptoms, such as heartburn, nausea, bloating, vomiting, and belching. These symptoms are not experienced at all times, and may just come and go. Some of the most common causes of dyspepsia include gastric ulcers, non-ulcer dyspepsia, hiatus hernia, duodenitis, acid reflux, and gastritis.
In diagnosing dyspepsia, the physician will perform an initial assessment by inquiring about the symptoms that the person is experiencing, and through the examination of the abdominal area. Additionally, the physician may also ask about the medications that the person has taken recently. The doctor will then review them in order to find out if one of these medicines can possibly cause or worsen the discomfort and other adverse symptoms. After the initial assessment, the physician will recommend courses of actions based on several factors, including the possible cause and severity of the symptoms.
If the symptoms of dyspepsia experienced are due to the medicines that the person is taking, the doctor may recommend changing the currently prescribed medicine into another one, which will not produce the same symptoms. Another common plan of action is taking antacids, which refer to alkali substances in the form of tablets and liquids, that are used to neutralize the acid found in the stomach. People who experience dyspepsia may ask the doctor for prescriptions, but there are also a lot of antacid brands that are available to be bought over the counter. Antacids can provide quick relief from different symptoms of dyspepsia, and this medicine may also be enough to solve the problem of those with mild cases of this condition.