What is Cystitis?
Cystitis refers to an inflammation of the urinary bladder. But cystitis may also be used as the term for any inflammation involving the urinary tract. It is said to be very common in women, but men can also have this condition.
A person gets cystitis usually from a bacterial infection. Bacteria typically travels from the urethra to the bladder to produce the symptoms associated with cystitis. One person may have pain in urination while others feel an urge to urinate frequently. If left untreated, the infection may spread to other organs like the kidney.
But aside from bacteria, there are other things that may lead to inflammation of the bladder. Though not common, cystitis may also result after taking some drugs or radiation therapy. Some feminine hygiene products and the prolonged use of catheter may also cause irritation on the urinary tract. Other conditions such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia infections may also produce symptoms similar to cystitis.
People with cystitis usually experience pain in urination. This pain is usually felt at the pubic area. Sufferers may also notice that their urine has a foul smell, or sometimes there may even be blood. The elderly may also experience some weakness and confusion when they have cystitis.
Females are more affected than males, especially those with poor toilet hygiene. Pregnant women and men with enlarged prostates are also at risk of contracting this illness. Those who engage in unprotected sex may also have cystitis.
Treatment typically involves antibiotics and pain relievers. But doctors try to educate patients in terms of cystitis prevention. Usually people are advised to drink plenty of fluids and have proper toilet hygiene, including proper urination techniques. Symptoms usually die down in a few days after taking antibiotics. But if they persist, one must consult with their doctors for proper evaluation and treatment.