CXR test stands for chest X-ray, which refers to the picture of the chest area that displays the lungs, airway, heart, blood vessels, and lymph nodes. Additionally, the chest X-ray also displays the spine and other bones around the area, such as the ribs, breastbone, and the collarbone. This is one of the most common imaging test which is conducted in order to find problems within the chest.
The CXR test usually involves taking two pictures. One of the pictures is taken from the back of the person’s chest and the other is from his side. During emergency situations, the professional will only take one picture and that will be from the front of the chest. Sometimes, physicians will not be able to determine the cause of the problem through chest X-ray. If the results of the CXR test do not provide sufficient information about the problem or they do not appear normal, other kinds of X-ray tests which are more specific will be conducted. Additionally, other imaging tests, including the echocardiogram, computed tomography scan, MRI scan, and ultrasound may also be performed to find the root of the medical issue.
The chest X-ray serves a variety of purposes. It is commonly conducted to determine the cause of symptoms, including chest pains, coughs, and difficulty in breathing. CXR test can also help diagnose and monitor the treatment of lung conditions, including lung cancer, collapsed lung, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and heart problems, such as heart failure and enlarged heart. Aside from these, the CXR test can also find bone fractures around the chest, as well as foreign objects in the airway and lungs. Lastly, it can check whether medical devices (e.g., catheter and tube) are placed properly. This type of imaging test is performed by a radiology technologist, and the results may be interpreted by a radiologist, internist, surgeon, or family medicine physician.