There are various cardiovascular diseases like the coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease.
Stroke happens when an individual’s supply of blood to the brain has been cut out. Heart failure, on the other hand, refers to the impairment or damage on the heart’s pumping action. This results in the reduced efficiency of the heart to give out blood to the other organs and parts of the human body.
Peripheral arterial occurs when the blood supply for other extremities such as arms and legs has been compromised. Coronary heart disease is when there are blockages on the heart’s arteries.
Risk factors for CVD
CVDs can be fatal, and as such medical experts often warn people to take the necessary precautions to avoid getting any of the CVD.
An individual, who smokes, fails to exercise regularly, overweight, suffers from a kidney disease or high blood pressure and diabetes are prone to develop cardiovascular disease.
The probability of getting a CVD also becomes higher when a person gets older.
Prevention of CVD
There are many ways an individual can help in the prevention of CVD. A healthy lifestyle is always recommended by doctors to avoid getting a CVD.
Individuals must regularly exercise as well as eat balanced meals to help prevent CVD from developing. All are advised to stay away from high in salt food and saturated fats.
Obesity also increases the risk for developing cardiovascular disease, and as such, individuals must keep the weight under control or within a healthy range. Not smoking and taking excessive alcohol can also help prevent heart and blood diseases.
Diabetic people should also control their glucose level to avoid developing any CVD.