What is Cosmetology?
Cosmetology is a field of study, which include various areas of expertise. If you regularly go on a trip to a salon, there you will find hairstylists, barbers, nail technicians, hairdresser and skin care specialist. These people are experts at their own field and all are part of cosmetology. The word cosmetology came from a Greek word ‘kosmetikos’ which literally means ‘skilled in beautification’.
In the United States, there are some requirements that you need to pass in order to work or to apply any field in cosmetology. To be a cosmetologist, you have to attend state-licensed cosmetology school. Of course, you have to pass the written and practical examinations given. Practical exams are sometimes substituted with internships, but it rarely happens. Minimum age must be at least 16 years old and some states may require an earned high school diploma or any equivalent diploma.
Training programs for an associate degree may take about nine months for hairstyling and cosmetology. People who want to work under any field of cosmetology must be licensed, except for shampooers. Separate exams are given for nail technicians, barbers, hairstylists, and skin care specialists.
In Germany, Cosmetology has been established as a full course under the area of health sciences. A student finishing the cosmetology course may obtain a degree of Dr. rer. nat. Taking the course would give the student knowledge on microbiology, dermatology, physiology, anatomy, and cosmetic ingredients chemistry. Practical cosmetology is also given, which is all about enhancing a student’s practical knowledge about laboratory work. Another subject that is considered very helpful for students taking up cosmetology is the economics of business. The subject helps them understand on how to apply cosmetology in business. This helps student to gain knowledge on how to put up their own business utilizing their degree in cosmetology.
The typical day-to-day routine of a cosmetologist are listed below. However, it all depends on the specialization of the cosmetologist.
- Hair trimming or cutting
- Hair tinting, bleaching or dyeing
- Set style to hair either by combing, brushing, and applying sprays
- Apply hair and scalp treatment (includes scalp massaging)
- Apply therapeutic medication. Recommends medical treatment if a customer is found to be having chronic scalp conditions.
- Application of creams, lotions, and other cosmetics to enhance the skin and restore its health
- Performs facial hair removal, and put on colors to eyebrows and eyelashes.
- Tidy up, trim and polish toenails and fingernails
- Record what services are provided to patrons. Update and keep up with customer records
Cosmetologists, earn a median range income depending on their expertise. However, as one accumulates more experience and as one gets more popular, the income also increases. Others who gained enough experience open up their own business. Others choose to be salon managers, image consultants and some choose to be sales representatives. Some cosmetologists who want to share their knowledge and experience and so they teach in state-approved cosmetology schools.
Earnings depend on specialization. Statistically, cosmetologists specializing in skin care tend to get the highest pay. However, earnings vary due to some customers or patrons giving regular tips. Shampooers are the lowest paid cosmetologists.