Colic is a medical word used to describe the frequent and excessive of an infant who is well fed and healthy. Though it is a common occurrence that affects at least one in every five infants, it is a condition that is understood poorly. In most cases, colic starts during the first weeks after birth and stops when the baby is between four and six months. Intense crying is often experienced in the evening or afternoon hours and can last a couple of hours. The baby tends to clench fists, the face appears flushed and knees are often drawn up to the tummy. On some occasions, the baby may arch his or her back as well. Colic makes the baby seem to be distressed. The heavy crying cannot harm the baby and he or she continues to eat well and add weight in a normal way. However, evidence that colic affects the health of a baby in the long run does not exist.
Causes of Colic and What Parents Should do
Colic causes remain unknown though several theories suggest it results from trapped gas, indigestion or short-term sensitivity to some types of sugars and proteins present in breast or formula milk. However, these theories are yet to be confirmed. Occurrence of colic is the same in girls and boys as well in bottle-fed and breastfed babies. Caring for infants who have colic is very distressing for a parent, especially those who are first time parents. As a parent, it is important to know that your infant’s colic isn’t your fault and does not imply that the baby is unwell; rejecting you or that there is something you are doing wrong. He or she will feel better, in the meantime, seek support from family and friends to enable you take occasional breaks to rest.