Chlorophyll is a pigment that is present in plants and helps make them food for their own growth and development. With the aid of sunlight in a process called photosynthesis, the chlorophyll pigment in plant will help convert water into glucose. Glucose is a type of sugar and provides the energy source for plants to support its various functions related to growth and development. In order for a leaf to grow bigger and a flower bud to emerge from the stem for example, glucose must be present for the plant’s basic energy requirements. Without glucose, plants will not be able to provide food for its various parts. The creation of glucose is dependent on its pigment called chlorophyll. With this particular function, chlorophyll is considered a very essential pigment or substance.
The process of photosynthesis is the only way for plants to manufacture their own food, survive, and grow. With sunlight, the chlorophyll content in plants will then be activated and convert the water that is absorbed by the roots. Through this food-making process, plants will be able to grow another branch or another leaf. Some plants will also develop and bear flowers and fruit because of chlorophyll’s important contribution in the conversion of water to glucose as energy source.
Along with the production of energy for growth and development, chlorophyll also helps convert carbon dioxide to oxygen. The extra carbon dioxide from the environment will be absorbed by the plants through the chlorophyll pigment. Once inside the plant, carbon dioxide will be converted to oxygen and will be released back to the environment for the benefit of animals and human beings. The green color in plants is also due to the actual color of chlorophyll. When extracted, chlorophyll’s green pigment may also be used as food coloring. There are also food supplements that contain chlorophyll which are supposedly good for the health.