Atenolol refers to a type of drug classified under beta-blockers, which is a group of drugs that produces effects in the heart and circulation of the blood. Atenolol is primarily used for the treatment of angina or chest pains, as well as high blood pressure or hypertension. Furthermore, it is also utilized for the prevention and treatment of heart attacks.
Together with diet and exercise, this drug is typically a part of the treatment program for hypertension. For people who are taking atenolol for the regulation of their blood pressure, it is recommended to continue taking the drug even if no symptoms of high blood pressure are felt.
This type of drug can bring about various side effects, including nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, lightheadedness, tiredness, drowsiness, and depression. Other more serious and uncommon side effects of this drug include fainting, shortness of breath, unusual increase in weight, as well as inflammation of the hands, lower legs, ankles, or feet. Once an individual who is taking atenolol feels any of these symptoms, it is recommended to seek professional medical help immediately.
Several precautions must be observed before taking this drug. For instance, people who are allergic to this drug must refrain from using it. Additionally, people who have slow heartbeats, bronchitis, low blood pressure, asthma, emphysema, liver diseases, pheochromocytoma, heart block, kidney diseases, blood circulation problems, diabetes, sick sinus syndrome, thyroid disorder s, congestive heart failure, or depression, must inform their doctor regarding their condition before using atenolol. The physician may conduct special medical tests to determine whether it is safe for the individual to take this drug or he may also adjust the required dosage.
This medication is classified under the FDA pregnancy category D, which means that it can cause potential harm to an unborn child. Furthermore, it can also be transmitted to the breast milk and is unsafe for a nursing baby.