New York was named after the 17th century Duke of York, James Stuart, who became James II and VII of England and Scotland. It is a northeastern state of the U.S. being the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on July 26, 1788. It is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east, Ontario to the west, and Quebec to the north. It is the third most populous state. New York City has a population of more than 8 million which is more than 40 percent of the total population of New York State. It is best known for its being a financial and cultural center and also for being the biggest gateway for immigration to the U.S. New York is also known for its delis like pastrami, Carnegie, Katz’s rye sandwiches, matzo ball soup and potato pancakes, and pizza, bagels, and coffee. A typical New Yorker is usually well dressed, mostly clad in black, with a typical accent that is loud and bold. They are usually confrontational, impatient, and straightforward. New York is known for being always awake, a busy and daydreaming night watchman.
1. Millard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore was born in Summerhill, New York, U.S. on January 7, 1800 and died in Buffalo, New York on March 8, 1874 at the age of 74. He was the 13th President of the United States remaining in office from 1850 to 1853. His foreign policy was pro Japanese and anti-French and British. He opposed President Abraham Lincoln, supporting President Andrew Jackson during Reconstruction. He founded Buffalo University and the Buffalo Historical Society. On September 18, 1850 he signed the Fugitive Slave Law which declared that the runaway slaves, when captured, were to be returned to their masters. The law was also known as the Bloodhound Law after the dogs used to trace the slaves.
2. Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony was born to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read in Adams, Massachusetts on February 15, 1820 and died on March 13, 1906 at the age of 86 in Rochester, New York. She was a famous American Civil Rights leader and is best known for introducing women’s suffrage in the U.S. With the passage of the 19th Amendment, the U.S. Constitution read, ‘The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.’ Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she was the co-founder of the first women’s Temperance Movement. She also co-founded The Revolution, a women’s rights journal.
3. George Babcock
George Babcock was born in Unadilla Forts, New York on June 17, 1832 and died on December 16, 1893 at the age of 61. He is best known for co-inventing with Stephen Wilcox the safety water tube boilers and laying the foundation of the Babcock and Wicox Company. Invention of the safety water tube boilers was a great achievement as these boilers were cost effective, more efficient, worked better under higher pressure and were safer. Thomas Edison remarked that a Babcock boiler is ‘The best boiler God permitted man yet to make.’ For this achievement, Babcock was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1997.
4. John Davison Rockefeller
John Davison Rockefeller was born in Richford, New York, U.S. on July 8, 1839 and died in the Casements, Ormond Beach, Florida, U.S. He was one of the most famous industrialists and philanthropists in the world. He founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870 and, after running it very successfully, retired in 1897. He revolutionized the petroleum industry. With the increasing importance of kerosene and gasoline, his wealth soared making him the richest man in the world and, adjusting for inflation, he is regarded as the richest man in history.
5. George Eastman
George Eastman was born to George Washington Eastman and Maria Eastman in Waterville, New York, U.S. on July 12, 1854 and died in Rochester, New York on March 14, 1932 at the age of 77. He is best known for inventing roll film and founding Eastman Kodak Company. He brought photography into the mainstream. He was a highly successful businessman with a net worth of USD $95 million at the time of his death. Additionally, he was a well-known philanthropist and established many clinics and established Schools of Dentistry at the University of Rochester and provided funds to serve the poor communities in various localities. He was suffering from spinal pain in his last days. He shot himself in the heart on March 14, 1932 and left a note behind him reading, ‘To my friends: My work is done. Why wait?’
6. Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York City, New York on October 27, 1858 and died in Oyster Bay, New York on January 6, 1919 at the age of 60. After the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901, he became the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909. He was known for his energetic personality and interest in a wide range of different fields which made him known as an explorer, hunter, naturalist, soldier, and as an author. He was the youngest U.S. President sworn in at the age of 42. He was also one of the three sitting presidents who won the Nobel Prize.
7. Lucille DÃ©sirÃ©e Ball
Lucille DÃ©sirÃ©e Ball was born in Jamestown, New York, U.S. on August 6, 1911 and died in Los Angeles, California on April 26, 1989 at the age of 77. She was a film, TV, stage, and radio actress and a very popular comedian. She is best known for her starring of the sitcoms: I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show, Here’s Lucy, and Life with Lucy. Ball was nominated 13 times for an Emmy Award and won 4 times. She is also the recipient of the Crystal Award, Golden Globe, Cecil DeMille Award, and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Kennedy Center Honors in 1986.
8. Jonas Salk
Jonas Salk was born to Daniel and Dora Salk in New York City, New York on October 28, 1914 and died in La Jolla, California on June 23, 1995 at the age of 80. He is best known for his great discovery and development of the polio vaccine which, in modern times, has rendered a great service to mankind. Polio was the most-dreaded disease in 1952 when 58,000 cases were reported that year and 3,145 people died and 21,269 were left disabled, most of them being children. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was the world’s most recognized victim of this disease. A PBS documentary suggested ‘Apart from the atomic bomb, America’s greatest fear was polio.’
9. Steven Weinberg
Steven Weinberg was born to Frederick and Eva Weinberg in New York City, New York on May 3, 1933. He graduated from Cornell University in 1954. He earned his Ph.D. in 1957 from Princeton University. He is a famous American physicist and a Nobel Laureate for his contribution with Dr. Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow to the interaction between elementary particles. Weinberg is an atheist but known for supporting Israel. He canceled his lectures in England and remarked about the British boycott ‘Given the history of the attacks on Israel and the oppressiveness and aggressiveness of other countries in the Middle East and elsewhere, boycotting Israel indicated a moral blindness for which it is hard to find any explanation other than anti-Semitism.’
10. Lindsay Morgan Lohan
Lindsay Morgan Lohan was born to Michael Lohan and Dina Lohan in New York City, New York on July 2, 1986. She is a famous actress, model, and recording artist. She debuted at the age of 11 in Disney’s 1998 remake of The Parent Trap. After the production of the two Disney TV movies; Life’“Size and Get a Clue, she became a household name and a target of the paparazzi. These films won her an MTV Movie Award and a Teen Choice Award. She made recurrent appearances in the TV series Ugly Betty. In 2012 she starred as Elizabeth Taylor in the TV movie biography Liz & Dick.
In the wake of rising rents and costs with receding job opportunities, places like Highland, Central Park, and miles along beaches of Long Island are the sources of fun and sun for New Yorkers. They try to dissolve their worries in the drinks of happy hours at night. New York has produced great men of high renown in a wide range of fields.