• What is Atomic Bomb?
An atomic bomb or nuclear bomb is the general name given to any weapon (especially bombs) that results explosion from the energy released by atomic nuclei in the process of either an atomic fusion or an atomic fission.
• Special Theory of Relativity
Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity in 1905 is the foundation of the atomic or nuclear bomb. Einstein express his theory into his formula, the famous E=mc2 wherein E is for Energy, m is for mass, and c2 is for speed of light squared, which means that when the speed of light (300,000 km per second) is squared or turned into its second power (90 billion km per second) and multiplied to the mass of an atom would be equal to the energy it can produce.
• Nuclear Fission
Nuclear fission is the process wherein a radioactive atom breaks apart its protons and electrons releasing energy in the process. Many nuclei are found in an atomic bomb and that’s what makes the bomb destructive. Nuclear fission of uranium-235 isotopes are present in the atomic bomb that was detonated at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan in 1945.
• Nuclear Fusion
Another process which can result to an explosive atomic bomb, Nuclear Fusion is the process wherein an electron and proton from different nuclei are joined together forming a new atom that releases a tremendous amount of energy in the process.
• Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project, suggested by Albert Einstein, was a top-secret for the America. This project helps to build the atomic bomb which ended World War II. The project involved about 175 thousand workers with 2 billion American dollars (1945) thousands of scientists participate in this project, including those who won Nobel Prizes.
• Bomb Test
The first atomic bomb was dropped in July 16, 1945 at a bombing range site called Trinity, kilometers away from Alamogordo, New Mexico. The bomb that has been detonated in this test was one of the four bombs developed in the Manhattan Project.
• Hiroshima, Little Boy
Little Boy was the name given to the atomic bomb which was dropped on 8:15 in the morning, August 16, 1945, at Hiroshima, Japan. Little Boy was from the American’s Manhattan Project. The bomb hits the center of the city destroying all in its one mile radius. The reports came to the Japanese General Staff and immediately took off to survey the event, finding only smoke and ruins in the Hiroshima site.
• Nagasaki, Fat Man
Fat Man was the name of the bomb that hits Nagasaki. It is the second bomb dropped to Japan in the World War II, seventy-six hours after the Hiroshima bombing. Fat Man having the power of 20 kiloton of TNT equivalent was more destructive than Little Boy’s 15 kiloton.
• Atomic Bomb Survivor
One of the survivors in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, Shingeki Tanaka flew to United States. During his stay, the 19 year-old Japanese attended the 1951 Boston Marathon taking the victory with a silent crowd on the finish line.
• Atomic Side Effects
Babies that survived the atomic bombing in Japan had been examined if they have genetic injuries from the bombings; nothing was detected at that time. On 2008, the time that the babies had already grown up, they are again examined; studies show that there are DNA injuries and malformations which were a side effect of the radiation. Another effect was not physically, but mentally, the terror that was dealt by these bombings is still in the minds of those who saw the disaster.