- The 7th Earl
Anthony Ashley Cooper, the 7th earl of Shaftesbury, was the eldest among the sons of the 6th earl of Shaftesbury, the younger brother of the 5th pearl, and Anne, daughter of the 4th duke of Marlborough. He was born at 24 Grosvenor Square, London on 28th of April, 1801. His father took over the title as Earl of Shaftesbury in 1811. He took over his father as Earl of Shaftesbury in 1851, when his father died.
- Education Attainment
The 7th earl of Shaftesbury was educated at Harrow School and studied classics at Christ Church College, Oxford, where he got a first class in classics, the study of languages, history, and literature of ancient Greece and Rome.
Lord Shaftesbury with his wife Lady Emily Caroline Catherine Frances Cowper, daughter of Earl and Lady Cowper, had ten children including of six sons and four daughters. He became the stepson-in-law of the future prime minister, when his mother-in-law, Emily Cowper’s mother, married Lord Palmerston. His wife died in 1872.
- Ragged School Union
Anthony Ashley Cooper was the chairman of Ragged School Union. For over 39 years, there were over three hundred thousand poor children who can’t afford to have a good education had been educated for free in these ragged schools.
- British and Foreign Bible Society
Inspired by his childhood housekeeper, Maria Mills, that always tell stories about the bible when he was longing for his parent’s love. Lord Shaftesbury was the president of the British and Foreign Bible Society. He was very passionate with other religious organization like Young Men’s Christian Association and Church Missionary Society.
- Last Years
Lord Shaftesbury 80th birthday was celebrated with a great public meeting in Guildhall, Gresham Street, London. There his achievements were given applause and appraisal. The scholars of the ragged schools gave him their thankful addresses, that because of his actions they were given a chance to study.
- The Death of Lord Shaftesbury
The 7th earl of Shaftesbury was known as the Reforming Lord Shaftesbury and Poor Man’s earl, because many of his reformed laws were for the poor citizens of his country. He died on October 1, 1885 because of the congestion of lungs.
These are some of the Laws that were established and reformed by the effort of the 7th earl of Shaftesbury:
- The Lunacy Act of 1845
In 1832, Lord Shaftesbury was elected as a member of the House of Commons, a British parliament. He has a great sympathy over the lunatics and insane. He became the Lunacy commissioner chairman in 1834 and established Lunacy Act of 1845, a law regarding a better treatment for the insane and was the first established British law to treat the insane as “the person with unsound mind” rather than a pest in the community.
- The Ten Hours Act of 1847
The ill condition of the factory workers caught the attention of the 7th earl of Shaftesbury. He fought for a law that shortens the working time of these workers and improved the working conditions in the mills and factories. His famous Ten Hours Act of 1847 orders the workers to work for only 10 hours per day.
- The Mines Act of 1842
Anthony Ashley Cooper saw females and children below 10 years old are working at the coal mines. There he had boys which were about less than 6 years old of age. These children are abused and forced to work for up to 18 hours per day. He established the Mines Act of 1842, a law in United Kingdom that prohibits all these poor children for employment in the mines.