Isaac Newton was born in 1643 in Woolsthorpe, England. He attended Free Grammar School and later worked as a servant to pay his way, while he attended Trinity College Cambridge. He graduated with a Bachelors Degree in 1665. Isaac Newton is known as a highly influential physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, alchemist and theologian. He was the keystone of the scientific revolution of the 17^{th} century; Newton’s work was a combination of the contributions of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, and other into a new influential synthesis.

**Fact 1: ** In 1687, Newton published Philosophae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. It is one of the most important books in the history of science. He describes universal gravitation and the three laws of motion. These concepts have remained at the front of science for centuries after. It marks the beginning of theoretical physics as the mathematical field that we know today. It isn’t an easy to read book, Newton refused to use simple analytical techniques in his proofs, he required classical geometric constructions.

**Fact 2: ** When Isaac Newton was a child he loved to build model windmills and other mechanical toys. However, he did not do well in school and was not successful at running his families estate.

**Fact 3: ** Scientist already know a force like gravity existed but Newton found a formula to describe how much force two bodies will put forth on each other. He invented calculus because he could not prove his theory with the mathematics that already existed.

**Fact 4: ** Newton gave explanation to the mathematical theory on tides under gravitational pull from the sun, moon and the earth. He discovered the secrets behind light and color and he described how the universe is held together. All of these amazing discoveries were made within 18 months.

**Fact 5: ** In 1705, Isaac Newton was knighted by Queen Anne and became Sir Isaac Newton.

**Fact 6: ** Isaac Newton’s father passed away 3 months before Isaac Newton was born. His father owned property and animals, he was a very wealthy man but he was completely uneducated, he couldn’t even sign his own name. When Newton was not even 3 years old his mother placed him in his grandmothers’ care, so that she could remarry and raise another family.

**Fact 7: ** Newton first discovered he was interested in mathematics in the autumn of 1663 when he purchased an astrology book at the fair in Cambridge and he found out that he could not understand it. Attempting to read a trigonometry book, he found out that he did not know geometry and he decided to start reading Barrow’s edition of Euclid’s *Elements*.

**Fact 8: ** Newton suffered from a second nervous breakdown in 1693. He then retired from his research. There are a few theories for the cause of Newton’s nervous breakdown; chemical poisoning as a result of his alchemy experiments, frustration with his researches, and possible problems resulting from his religious beliefs.

**Fact 9: ** Newton took a government position in London becoming Warden of the Royal Mint in 1696 and Master in 1699. He did not resign his position at Cambridge until 1701. Newton became a very rich man, adding his Master of the Mint and the income from his estates.Newton did not treat his Master of Mint as just an achievement; he worked hard to contribute for it. He saw it through difficult times of recoinage and he was active in the measures to stop counterfeiting of the coinage.

**Fact 10:** Newton was believed to have died a virgin; he is not known to have ever had a romantic relationship of any kind.

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